The Contrasting Development Of Democratic And Authoritarian States

1171 words - 5 pages

Two states, developing as either a democratic or authoritarian regime, could be expected to undergo different paths over the course of fifty years. While this opportunity of observational research is unlikely to occur, it presents itself to analysis implementing secured theories regarding the tendencies of both forms of government. A democratic regime, defined by popular sovereignty and political equality, deeply contrasts the inequality and singular rule synonymous with authoritarianism. The differences in the two states would be most notable in regard to tendencies regarding international relations, economic development, as well as the level of internal stability resulting from the decisions made by political leader. The dissimilarities stem from policies created by officials, which have various effects depending on their focus on the general benefit of the citizens or the preservation of the current leader’s power.
The differences between an authoritarian regime and a democracy would be most visible in the progress of international relations. A democracy would be much more likely to have developed ties with other states, usually founded on the principle of economic interdependence, as well as international treaties with the goal of transnational cooperation. These factors, working conjointly with the political freedom of citizens, provide more stable, pacifistic tendencies regarding international relations (Colomer 128). While an autocracy may be more capable of propelling a country into conflict, adopting aggressive affinities, a democracy has restrictions in place to prevent such incongruity in the context of the international community. The peaceful development of a democracy results from the diminished individual discretion of decision-makers. As political leaders are elected into power, they have the incentive to exhaust their resources in order to remain in their position, as success in politics has proven to be remote and requiring an arduous effort. As a result, political leaders are more likely to make decisions to receive popular support. Actions regarding foreign policy are likely to entail aggressive behavior as a military loss would likely result in their loss of power. In contrast, a victory may be accompanied by the economic hardship of an expensive conflict, also likely to result in diminishment of popular support. The incentive to induce conflict is further reduced by the grueling processes of approval over political decisions. This process may be affected by the citizens of a state. With the freedom to voice their opinion, an opposition to political decisions can be made clear. This would serve as another obstacle to conflict, as it may affect the choices of those in power who wish to avoid conflict with citizens and activists in their attempt to remain in office.
The authoritarian regime, in contrast, can be expected to have developed in a different manner. The country is likely to have undertaken large defeats from...

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