The Contribution Of Science To Advancement To The Cause Of Disease In Nineteenth Century

1641 words - 7 pages

The Contribution of Science to Advancement to the Cause of Disease in Nineteenth Century

The evolving level of scientific knowledge was a major contributing
factor to the advancement of causes of disease. The first step to the
advancement of the causes of disease was the discovery of
micro-organisms. If we go back to the late 1600's, a Dutch clockmaker
by the named of Anthony van Leeuwenhoek made one of the first
microscopes. His microscopes were not very clear and the image clarity
was poor, but he still studied anything he could find. From his
research, everything he has studied had tiny micro-organisms which at
the time he called Animalcules. As a result of this, by the 1800's,
purer glass was being made with greater clarification. In 1830, a
British Scientist called Joseph Lister developed a microscope that
could magnify up to 1000 without any distortion. With these improves
microscopes, scientists could observe in detail the behaviour of

This led to the start of major research in the 1850's by a French
scientist, Louis Pasteur. He became interested in micro-organisms when
he was first asked to help a brewing company find out why their vats
of alcohol were going bad. Pasteur discovered that a particular
micro-organism was growing vigorously in the liquid. He developed a
theory that these germs were the cause of the problem. They were
called germs because the micro-organism is germinating or growing.
Pasteur solved the brewer's problem, showing him how to kill these
harmful germs by boiling the liquid. As a result, Pasteur became well
known in France and he was asked to help other industries, such as
Milk Company to stop the milk from going sour. He found in each case
that it was micro-organisms that were responsible for each case.
Pasteur was keen to spread his theories further, and was excited when
he was invited by the French Academy of Science to a competition to
prove or disprove the theory of spontaneous generation. Spontaneous
generation was thought that the organisms are the results of decay,
not the cause. Decaying matter itself turns into living organisms.
Early versions of the theory suggested that even the flies and maggots
that were seen on decaying matter were created by it. After competing
in the competition, coming up head to head with another leading French
scientist, Pouchet, he succeeded in winning the competition, and in
1861 Pasteur published his Germ Theory. Pasteur's next goal was
defined by a statement from his germ theory "If wine and beer are
changed by germs, then the same can and must happen sometimes in men
and animals."

This enabled a German doctor, Robert Koch, to take up the competition
of applying Pasteur's ideas to human diseases. Koch was born in
Germany in 1843. As a doctor he became interested in Pasteur's germ

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