Isaac Newton was an English Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer, Philosopher, Alchemist and a Theologian. He can be seen as one of the most influential men in history, as well as one of the greatest scientists ever lived, for all of his contributions, discoveries and hard work. He was very influential in the Sciences, many are tied together with one another; he also made a great contribution to Astronomy.
Isaac Newton was born January 4, 1963 in Woolsthrope, Lincolnshire. He died March 31, 1727 in London. At this time, England hadn’t adopted the Georgian Calendar (they didn’t until 1752), so technically he was born on Christmas Day, December 25, 1642. He was born the same year in which Galileo had died. Newton was born prematurely, almost 15 weeks early and he was so small that he wasn’t expected to live. He did not have a very happy childhood. From ages twelve to seventeen Isaac Newton was educated at The King’s School, Grantham. In Grantham, Newton was first introduced to chemicals, which started his fascination of apothecary. After his grammar school, he was supposed to come back and take care of the farm and be a farmer. However, it turned out that he was a lousy farmer. It was then decided that it would be good for him to go to university, so went on to attend Cambridge University, in 1661. His plan was to go to this college to obtain a Law Degree. He paid his way through the first three years of college by waiting tables, cleaning rooms for the faculty and wealthier students, and doing odd jobs. During these years he became very interested in Mathematics, Optics, Physics and Astronomy. It was when he started to read about parallelograms and geometry that he changed his mind in getting a Law Degree. In his fourth year of college he was elected a scholar, which guaranteed financial support and helped him succeed. Isaac Newton obtained his Bachelor’s degree in 1665. After this the college had to close down, due to the plague, which had reached Cambridge at this point. He went home for two years, during which the college was closed. During this time he focused on Mathematics and Physics, and he first understood the theory of gravitation. When he returned to Trinity College he began to work on Alchemy. Soon thereafter, he became Lucasian Professor, where his first class was the topic and study of optics.
Isaac Newton invented Calculus, which was a mathematical instrument for all understanding of variables and motion and all mechanical engineering. It became much easier to solve problems and come up with discoveries having to do with motion, such as Newton’s theory of gravitational force.
Isaac Newton has made some important discoveries and contributions to science. He has made many discoveries, but didn’t always like to go public with them, and kept them to himself. One of his first major scientific achievements and made him well known, was the invention of the reflecting telescope in 1668. He invented, designed, and constructed it. The...