The Contributions Of Isaac Newton Essay

1426 words - 6 pages


Sir Isaac Newton was a well educated person. He wrote on many topics including math, science, religion, and even philosophy. He also held many high ranking positions such as a member of the Royal Society and being the Master of the Mint. Information about his life and achievements will be discussed in the following paragraphs, along with how the achievements relate to the humanities base theme of faith and reason.

Sir Isaac Newton was born on Christmas Day in 1642. This is the same year that the great astronomer and scientist, Galileo, died. Newton's family lived in named Woolsthorpe, outside the town of Lincolnshire, England. His father, who was also called Isaac, was lord of the manor of Woolsthorpe. This title allowed for Newton's family to be part of the few wealthy noble class. Newton went to elementary school and also college. Newton entered into elementary school at age 12. While in elementary school, Newton was taught reading, writing, and arithmetic. Newton also studied the bible in elementary school. This led to Newton's ideas regarding religion and his theological studies that he pursued throughout his life. Newton went to two different elementary schools, one in Skillington and one in Stoke. When Newton was not busy studying for his many interests, he was busy building models. Newton made models of any thing that was on his mind, which most of the time had to do with something mechanical.

Newton went to college at Cambridge University. While at Cambridge, Newton served as a servant to the wealthier students that were attending the University. He did this in order to pay back the university for the scholarship he received. Even though Newton's family was considered to be part of the wealthy noble class, he was still not as wealthy as other nobility. In the summer of 1662, Newton underwent a religious crisis. He no longer knew for certain what he believed in regarding religion. He created the "Quaestiones", a set of 45 headings that described Newton's ideas and observations regarding philosophy, religion, and science( Westfall, 26). In April of 1664, Newton was the first person to achieve a scholarship in an unconditional course of study, the new analysis of old things and new natural philosophy. In 1672, Newton formed his ideas and notes on hyperbolic and elliptical lenses and published a paper on them.

After leaving Cambridge, Newton was elected to the Convention Parliament assembled in 1689. The Parliament was assembled to solve the problems created by the many wars and revolutions that had caused massive chaos and destruction in England. He was the official representative of the University of Cambridge, where he went to college.

The main achievements in Newton's life was pure mathematics- in the form of calculus, the development of optics, and the theory of gravitation, based on the work that Galileo and others had done. Newton created the laws of calculus and his theory of gravitation by...

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