The Contributions Of Mary Shelley, George Eliot And Emily Bronte

2613 words - 10 pages

Throughout literary history, advances have been made by assorted prominent figures, including various notable women writers and novelists. Mary Shelley, George Eliot and Emily Bronte are three exceptional participants in this intellectual advance.Mary ShelleyMary Wollstonecraft Shelley has been reputed since the day her life began, and with her renowned Frankenstein spawned new generations of development in the literary field as well as in the evolution of respect for women writers.Born to the bold and radical feminist Mary Wollstonecraft, and noted political philosopher William Godwin on August 30, 1797, Mary Shelley experienced notoriety as a birthright. Her parents were renowned figures of societal controversy. Wollstonecraft proved to be a prolific and infamous writer with her Vindication of the Rights of Women, as did Godwin with his Enquiry Concerning the Nature of Political Justice. Mary Wollstonecraft died from complications a short time after Mary's birth. With such familial influence, Mary grew up encouraged to study and pursue intellectual exertions, and quickly developed a wide variety of knowledge in education, history, literature, mythology, poetry, politics and science.In 1814, when Mary was just 17, her infamous reputation greatly increased when she ran away with Percy Bysshe Shelley. Shelley was already married to Harriet Shelley, and abandoned not only his pregnant wife, but also his daughter, to go live with Mary. These actions of course were followed with dramatic public reactions. Mary became a societal outcast, Percy Shelley's wife committed suicide, and Mary and Percy were shunned by Mary's father, who refused to speak to either of them until they were married. William Godwin went so far as to publicly state "Mary has committed a crime against hallowed social arrangements, morality, her family, and Harriet Shelley".Having been reported a character such as this, Mary underwent significant stress, and with the surrounding turmoil of financial strain, numerous pregnancies, familial scorn and societal ostracism, was lead into a severe state of depression. Mary's sole redemption was her literary pursuits, which were guided by such intellectual acquaintances as Lord Byron, Samuel T. Coleridge, Charles and Mary Lamb, etc., who were all familiars of Percy Shelley. The remarkable feature of this is that with all this tumult enclosing her, Mary managed to have the creative imagination and ability to write her infamous novel, Frankenstein.Frankenstein was conceived due to a dare issued by Lord Byron while Mary and Percy were visiting Lake Geneva with Byron and John Polidari. Byron challenged the circle to composea ghost story for publication. Mary was tedious in producing an idea, but after experiencing a nightmare about a pale young man who had created a monster, Mary began to write Frankenstein over the next tumultuous two years.Many different conjectures as to the perspective of Mary Shelley's Frankenstien have been expressed since...

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