The Control Processes Of Short And Long Term Memory

1194 words - 5 pages

On a day-to-day basis humans are processing different information constantly. Have you ever wondered how this is possible? Have you ever wondered why you are able to obtain new information, store it, and then recall it for later usage? For example, how is it possible that we can study for a test one day, and then the next day we are able to retrieve that very information to use to take and pass a test? Because memory is an important cognitive process it helps us to record the past, so we are able to refer back to it at a later date. If humans didn’t have a memory, we would only be able to understand the present and our past wouldn’t exist. The urge to study how memory works and the concept behind, it has been around for many years. Scientist, and more importantly psychologist, have devoted countless hours and effort to understanding the human mind; and how something as simple as remembering what you had for breakfast yesterday could be so important to our cognitive processes and human functioning. The question still remains, what exactly is memory? How is it significant to humans and how are we able to process the different memories we have on a day to day basis.
According to Merriam-Webster, memory is the process of reproducing or recalling what has been learned and retained. Memory also involves the process of information through encoding, storing, and retrieving (Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary, n.d.). Memory is not only important in our lives, but it is very much needed. Because memory allows us to recollect our past, it allows us also to function properly in the present and plan for the future (McLeod, 2007). For example, without our memory functioning properly humans would not be able to recall what we did yesterday, what we plan to do today, and what we intend to do tomorrow. Because memory is so complex we are transmitting and transferring a great deal of information. This happens through three stages which include encoding, storage, and retrieval.

Memory Encoding

Before information is able to be stored successfully in our memory, information from our sensory input has to be changed into a form in which our brain is able to comprehend. For example, our perception of something may be different from how it is actually explained, so we have to “encode” it in order to better understand it. There are three main stages where encoding occurs; visual (picture), acoustic (sound), and semantic (meaning) (McLeod, 2007). We go through these three stages often without even realizing it. For example, when we have to remember a series of numbers for something, we may keep referring back to it so we have a mental image of it (visual), we may repeat it to ourselves ( acoustic), and it has to be significant to us otherwise we would have a need to remember it (semantic).

Memory Storage

Storage in the human memory is the second of the three processes. The process of storing information involves filtering out and filing information so...

Find Another Essay On The Control Processes of Short and Long Term Memory

The Crusades: Short Term and Long Term Effects

1470 words - 6 pages led too many effects throughout years. There were short term effects and long term effects from the crusades that effected people of all different cultures. Two places which have had many effects from the Crusades are Europe and Islam. The Crusades has had short term and long term effects on power, economic and classical knowledge throughout Europe and Islam. In order for the crusades to begin, the Christians needed to gather an army to travel

Long-Term Memory Essay

1087 words - 5 pages performed, or rehearsal is prevented then the associated information will most likely be lost through decay, conversely if rehearsal takes place then the information in short-term memory is strengthened and retained. The jump from short-term memory to long-term memory happens through encoding. Once something resides in long-term memory its chance of survival goes up dramatically. This does not mean, however, that something in long-term memory cannot be

The Short-Term and Long-Term Causes of the Protestant Reformation

833 words - 3 pages The protestant reformation of 16th century had both: immediate and long term effects. Thus, we can see that it was a revolution of understanding the essence of religion, and of what God is. The protestant reformation is said to a religious movement. However, it also influenced the economical, political and social life of people. The most global, short term effect of the reformation was the reevaluation of beliefs, and, as a result, the loss of

The Positive Short-term and Long-term Affects of Smaller Class Sizes on Students

2334 words - 9 pages The Positive Short-term and Long-term Affects of Smaller Class Sizes on Students The size of a class has had or will have a larger affect on a person’s life than most people know and affect more aspects than are visible to the human eye. A large percent of the human population will go through or has gone through, a type of schooling. The size of classes in school affects more than just a student. The faculty has to deal with size too

Short Term Memory Theory

825 words - 3 pages later research in the area of short term memory paradigms primarily involves the retrieval ability of both short and long term memory.Theory Measurement/Instrumentation:Experiments in Miller's theory consist of the ability of participants to immediately recall newly gained information. Much of the experimentation analyzed by Miller detailed the methods of coding or chunking the information to the level of comparing specific bits of information. For

Long and Short-Term Effects of Drug Usage During Pregnancy

1744 words - 7 pages . Works Cited Brennan, P., Cornelius, M. D., De Genna, N., Lotfipour, S., Paus, T., D'Onofrio, B. M., ... & McBride, C. (2012). Tobacco and pregnancy. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging - 15 December 2004 (Vol. 132, Issue 2, Pages 95- 106, DOI: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2004.06.004 Kuczkowski, K. M. (2004). Marijuana in pregnancy. ANNALS-ACADEMY OF MEDICINE SINGAPORE, 33, 336-339. Meyer, Kurt D., and Lubo Zhang. "Short- and Long-term Adverse Effects of Cocaine Abuse during Pregnancy on the Heart Development." Short- and Long-term Adverse Effects of Cocaine Abuse during Pregnancy on the Heart Development. SAGE, 15 Jan. 2009. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.

A brief outline of the long and short term risks of ecstasy use.

793 words - 3 pages -transmitter serotonin, and though no conclusive evidence has been produced, the assumption is that it does the same in humans. Researchers believe that this may result in chronic depression and long-term sleep disturbance, particularly in people who use ecstasy often and who use a lot at a time.Whilst it is not known if ecstasy does permanently alter the levels of serotonin in the brain, some people have had ongoing depression and other

Compare and contrast the negative feedback regulation of blood pressure via short- term mechanisms and long-term mechanisms.

594 words - 2 pages regulate blood pressure. Depending on the circumstances, the body may use one of many short or long term mechanisms. The short-term mechanisms normally control pressure and resistance while the long-term mechanisms work to manipulate volume. First I will discuss the short-term mechanisms. There are reflexes at the brain stem (medulla) level that regulate blood pressure. One example of this is the body's fight or flight response. When the body

The Short and Long Term Effects of the Hunger-Strikes in Northern Ireland

3149 words - 13 pages The Short and Long Term Effects of the Hunger-Strikes in Northern Ireland The hunger-strikes of 1980 and 1981 had highly significant consequences for Northern Ireland nationally and internationally. While at first they polarised the community, they eventually led to the beginnings of peace in Northern Ireland. Soon after Direct Rule was introduced in Northern Ireland in March 1972 Westminster created a new department

Amphetamines Long And Short Term Effects

671 words - 3 pages AMPHETAMINES Short Term Effects The user desires the short-term effects that amphetamines give.They include"¦ · Extra energy for 4-6 hours This drug gives you a high of adrenaline and raises your blood pressure, breathing rate, talkativeness and aggression as a result of the energy boost.· Prevents sleep Since you are so pumped with energy you do not feel the need to sleep. Yet it only delays your need for

Strategic Planning: Short-Term and Long-Term Goals

968 words - 4 pages Strategic health care management is becoming the primary focus as it is crucial to deal with today’s changing health care landscape. The increasingly growing competitiveness and challenging health care legislative mandate collaborative leadership approaches that synchronize and involve all stakeholders in strategic planning. This is particularly important when determining both long-term and short-term strategic goals. As an example of successful

Similar Essays

Short Term And Long Term Memory

1245 words - 5 pages Encoding and retrieval are essential to the workings of the memory, and the fact that there are two main kinds of memory – short term and long term – is significant. Short term memory holds information for fairly short intervals, whereas long term memory stores information for a far longer amount of time. The relationship between both, as some Psychologists claim, is envisaged by stage theory. When information is encoded

Free Recall From Short Term Memory And Long Term Memory

1208 words - 5 pages IntroductionVisual search, the task of finding a target among distractors, is a common task in our daily lives. Whether we are searching for the remote control among a clutter of objects on table, a face in the crowd at the local bus stop, or a meal listing on the menu at the fast-food restaurant, we rely on the mechanism of visual search and attention each and every day. The ease of search depends primarily on how distinguishable the target of

The Short And Long Term Affects Of Marijuana

914 words - 4 pages , heavy cannabis use (over five joints daily for more than ten years) are associated with structural abnormalities in the hippocampus and amygdala areas of the brain" (Wikipedia), so memory loss and learning ability is both a short and long term effect.A very important effect that I believe everyone should be knowledgeable about is how marijuana affects the sperm and birthing process. There have been many studies to prove that marijuana can lower a

The Long And Short Term Causes Of World War One

1023 words - 4 pages What were the long and short term causes of world war one The Causes of World War One Although the causes leading up to the "Great War" are many and varied, it is a controversial and perhaps impossible task to pinpoint the most important one. The most prominent cause is the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, but to truly understand how the world was tipped into chaos, one must look past the obvious, and into the conflicts