The controllable qualities of stage light:
1) intensity- brightness of light, controlled with a dimmer.
3) direction- illumination comes from a particular angle. helps with depth.
4) form- shape of light. can heighten definition or patterns.
5) movement- light move can suggest changing time of day, sunset, etc.
The lighting designer’s objectives:
lighting designer: defined as one who knows which elements or qualities of light will achieve the following objectives:
1) provide visibility
-we must be able to see the performers’ faces and actions
2) help establish time and place
-the color, shade, and intensity of lighting can suggest time of day; giving us the pale light of dawn, the bright light of midday, the vivid colors of sunset, or the muted light of evening.
-can indicate the season of the year (sun strikes at different angles in the winter and summer)
-place, i.e. indoor or outdoor lighting
3) help create mood
-bright warm colors such as pinks, yellows, and oranges can portray a carefree, happier mood
-blues, blue-greens, and muted tones can portray a more somber piece.
-moonlight can be romantic or frightening.
4) reinforce the style of the production
-can indicate whether the play is
realistic~ the lighting will simulate the effect of ordinary sources, such as table lamps and sunlight.
nonrealistic~ designer can be more imaginative: shafts of light can cut through the dark, sculpturing performers onstage; a glowing red light can envelop a scene of damnation; a ghostly green light can cast a spell over a nightmare scene.
5) provide focus onstage and create visual compositions
-focus- aiming light on a particular area of the stage; directs our attention to one part of the stage—generally the part where the important action is occurring—and away from other areas.
AIM THE LIGHT AT THE RIGHT PLACE
~can create small isolated areas
-composition- how lighted areas are arranged onstage relative to each other.
~which areas are dimmed, which are brightly lit, and what the overall stage effect is with regard to light.
6) establish rhythm of visual movement
- changes of light over time in a production create a rhythm.
- abrupt, staccato changes with stark blackouts will convey one rhythm; languid, slow fades and gradual crossfades will convey another.
-lighting changes are timed in coordination with scene changes.
Lighting plot: detailed outline or diagram showing where each lighting instrument is placed in relationship to the stage. (cues, fades, blackouts, time, duration, place, etc.)
Ellipsoidal reflector spotlight:
-most widely used conventional fixture
-creates a bright, hard-edged spot
-the edges can be softened with focus adjustment or with a diffusion filter
-lenses of different focal lengths allow this instrument to be useful from almost any position in the theatre.
-known as the “workhorse” of contemporary lighting practice
-has 4 independent shutters to shape the...