The Controversial Topic Of Genetic Testing

1218 words - 5 pages

Genetic testing has become a highly controversial issue among both the general population and the scientific community. It is a process that exposes a person’s entire genome sequence, allowing it to be read and evaluated to identify potential risks for genetic diseases or diseases that could be passed onto offspring (Holt Productions, 2012). With thousands of genetic tests already being used, and more being established, it seems logical to put this growing technology to use. Some agree that it is a person’s right to know and understand his or her genetic makeup. However, others argue that, despite the benefits of genetic testing, caution should be used to carefully inspect the risks associated with this new technology.
Relatively simple tests can be used to conduct genetic testing on adults and children; even fetuses can undergo testing, but at greater risk for complications. Currently, genetic testing has to be ordered by a medical professional such as a physician, nurse practitioner, or medical geneticist. Once ordered, a DNA sample is sent to a lab for further testing.
In adults, sampling methods typically involve taking DNA through blood draws, hair pulls, skin samples, or samples of other tissues. In fetuses, however, there are two techniques that can be used to obtain genetic information: amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling. Through amniocentesis, amniotic fluid is taken from the placental sac and tested directly. The other method is chorionic villus sampling, where a tissue sample is tested after being taken directly from the fetus (National Library of Medicine, 2014). Genetic testing has become a routine procedure to test newborns for various genetic diseases.
One such genetic disease that is routinely screened in newborns is cystic fibrosis. A chronic disorder, inherited recessively, cystic fibrosis is the result of a defective gene that causes the body to produce thick mucus that obstructs respiratory and digestive functions. The defective CFTR gene on chromosome 7 makes a defective protein that is responsible for making cilia. The faulty protein makes faulty cilia that do not function properly in clearing mucus. Signs of cystic fibrosis can include persistent respiratory infections, chest x-ray abnormalities, reduced growth and weight gain, asthma, and high sodium chloride concentrations in the sweat. The disease can lead to respiratory failure, and the average lifespan of someone living with the disease is 40 years (Farrell et al., 2008).
Due to the seriousness of the disease and the complications associated with it, it is imperative that treatment begins as soon as the disease is discovered. Treatment for cystic fibrosis included medications such as antibiotics, mucus-thinning drugs, pancreatic enzymes, etc. Mechanical methods of breaking up the mucus through chest-clappers and breathing devices are also available (Mayo Clinic, 2012). In serious cases, lung transplants may be needed. Many treatment options are...

Find Another Essay On The Controversial Topic of Genetic Testing

Genetic Testing and The Diagnosis of Genetic Diseases

1389 words - 6 pages Genetic testing is used to determine the risk of a patient or patient’s offspring developing genetic diseases. This is done with DNA sequencing in adults and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PDG) on embryos. These methods of genetic testing are effective means of determining the likelihood of developing diseases such as Huntington’s disease, a disease resulting from trinucleotide repeat on chromosome 4p16.3 that causes uncontrollable muscle

Different Categories of Genetic Testing Essay

1196 words - 5 pages Genetic testing is basically the analysis of an individual’s DNA to determine if they are susceptible to certain diseases or are carriers which can lead to their offspring suffering from a genetic disorder. Genetic testing is able to do so by indicating if there are any abnormalities or mutations in a person’s chromosomes, genes, or proteins. According to the Genetics Home Reference which is a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Genetic Testing of African Americans

3565 words - 14 pages BBC documentary, are contrastive. The only commonality is that they all willingly accepted to undertake a DNA analysis in order to identify their ancestry. The difference then was in their reactions to the genetic testing results. Whilst some people are dismissive and even reject the results if they are counter to their deeply formed prejudices, most react emotionally but positively. The first case of the white supremacist highlights not only

Genetic Testing and Cloning: Is Technology Ahead of the Law?

3794 words - 15 pages new scientific discoveries into its overall cultural mores. Having said that, he presents several issues that are front and center in this debate. First, and perhaps most frightening to society in general, is the worry that the ultimate reach of genetic testing will be to "design" our offspring, thus gradually phasing certain people and characteristics out of existence based upon certain arbitrary standards (62). A second issue concerns the worry

The Disadvantages of Genetic Testing on Children Discussed in Dena Davis' Book Genetic Dilemmas

2328 words - 9 pages In chapter four of her book Genetic Dilemmas, Dena Davis asserts that it is unethical for parents to subject their children to genetic testing for the markers of adult-onset genetic diseases because it places an unfair constraint on a child’s right to an open future. It both removes the child’s ability to choose whether to be tested as an adult and has the potential to negatively alter the overall trajectory of their lives. While the current

Cracking Your Genetic Code: A Review of Genetic Testing

1878 words - 8 pages Cracking Your Genetic Code: A Review of Genetic Testing In Gattaca, the plot focuses on the ethics, the risks, and the emotional impact of genetic testing in the nearby future. The film was released in the 90s; yet in the present, the film does not give the impression of science fiction. Today, genetic testing is prevalent in many aspects of the scientific community. This paper will describe genetic testing, its purpose, diagnostic techniques

Pros and Cons of Genetic Testing

1572 words - 7 pages morally wrong, genetic testing is a controversial science that manipulates human ethics. Although genetic testing has enormous advantages, the uncertainties of genetic testing will depreciate our quality of life, and thereby result in psychological burden, discrimination, and abortion. The stress of genetic testing results, that may shorten your life or have no cure, will disrupt an individual physically and emotionally. Healthy people who carry

Capital Punishment: Main Aspects of this Controversial Topic

1258 words - 5 pages this controversial topic. The first main aspect of this widely discussed subject is how and when has capital punishment originated. In addition, some of the main events regarding capital punishment throughout history will be demonstrated and discussed. Secondly, the research will explore the impacts of capital punishment on the society and vice versa. Moreover, wide discussions on a global scale over whether capital punishment is morally

Genetic Testing and the US Healthcare System

2442 words - 10 pages system now has a new “molecular toolkit” at its disposal. Specifically, the availability of genetic testing has made it feasible to diagnose and determine the risk of disease before the actual onset, and therefore reduce our dependence upon costly medical procedures. Thus, to address our concerns of spiraling healthcare costs and inequity in healthcare distribution, I propose the widespread use of genetic testing in the US healthcare system. What

A paper which analyzes the elements of individualism and collectivism that exist in the controversial topic of cloning.

1477 words - 6 pages exist in the controversial topic of cloning.When Dr. Ian Wilmut, a 52-year-old embryologist at the RoslinInstitute in Edinburgh announced on that he had replaced the geneticmaterial of sheep's egg with the DNA from an adult sheep, and created alamb (Dolly), the topic of cloning "created" many new questions of itsown. None were as controversial as: Will they apply this to humans aswell? According to Dr. Wilmut, the answer was "there is no reason

The Chosen One: Prenatal Genetic Testing

2126 words - 9 pages Every person wants the ability to see into the future more than ever with the technological and medical advances that America has created in the last century. Thanks to the world of genetic testing, families and individuals are now able to see what their health may be like in the coming years. Genetic testing can be done on every person, but required a lot of time and energy to go through with it. For some families the time is well spent when it

Similar Essays

The Controversial Topic Of Abortion Essay

2025 words - 8 pages killing her. The pro-life group argues that abortion even in a sterile environment still exposes women to various health risks and increases the danger of losing fertility. There are also numerous short-term symptoms that happen after abortion like bleeding, fever, nausea, and vomiting that could impair the immune system allowing other pathogens to enter. In respect to the future, pro-life enthusiasts further introduce the topic of genetic

The Controversial Topic Of Political Correctness

773 words - 4 pages To begin with, I must say that political correctness, in general is a very controversial topic. Everyone has its own opinion, whether the topic influences them directly or not. People are sometimes very eager to talk about something even though they don’t know all the facts about that certain situation they are referring to. I appreciate everyone’s opinion but I don’t accept it if that someone isn’t willing to hear the person directly involved

The Benefits Of Genetic Testing Essay

1593 words - 6 pages Genetic testing is a voluntary type of medical test used to identify changes in chromosomes, genes, or proteins. This type of medical test checks for alterations in an individual's genes or changes in levels of gene products, proteins. Genetic testing could also be used to look for structure of certain proteins, and for levels of RNA that play a role in certain conditions. The purpose of the test is to indentify genetic problems or possible

The Ethics Of Genetic Testing Essay

3438 words - 14 pages The Ethics of Genetic Testing The Goal of the Human Genome Project is to obtain genetic mapping information and to determine the complete sequence of all human DNA by the year of 2005. The project started in 1990 and 180 million dollars are being spent on it annually. This adds up to a total of over 2 billion dollars for the 15 year budget. Of this 2 billion dollars budgeted, 5% is spent annually on the ethical, legal and social issues