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The Controversy Of Artificial Intelligence Essay

1495 words - 6 pages

Throughout its history, artificial intelligence has always been a topic with much controversy. Should human intelligence be mimicked? If so, are there ethical bounds on what computers should be programmed to do? These are a couple of question that surround the artificial intelligence controversy. This paper will discuss the pros and cons of artificial intelligence so that you will be able to make an educated decision on the issue.What is Artificial Intelligence?The first step in getting anywhere with this debate must begin with defining what artificial intelligence is exactly. Artificial Intelligence, also known as AI, is the area of computer science focusing on creating machines that can engage in the human behaviors of intelligence.PROS of AIAI brings benefits mainly to two groups of people: the general community, and researchers in various scientific and engineering fields. This section will discuss the pros of AI, now and in the future.General PublicUsing AI, machines will be able to do jobs that require detailed instructions, mental alertness, and decision making. Another helpful usage of AI is the area of robotics. Humans will be able to use robots for heavy construction, military benefits, or even for personal assistance at private homes. One example of a home benefit would be iRobot's Roomba. (Figure 1)The Roomba is essentially an intelligent vacuum, or robot. This vacuum has a sensor on it so that is doesn't tumble down stairs. It will detect the dirt on your floor whether it be carpet, wood, or linoleum. The best part about this robot is that it can tell when it is running low on battery life and it will return to the docking station and charge itself. With the Roomba, you will never have to vacuum your house again. With technology like this there will be less injuries and stress to human beings.The automobile industry has seen the effects of AI over the years. Car manufacturing is now preformed by robots rather than people, automobiles are now made cheaper, faster, and safer than ever. Jobs have moved from a large concentration in the assembly line to actually maintaining, building, and programming robots.Field of Science and EngineeringMedicalWith the introduction of complex medical expert systems, it is becoming increasingly likely that in the future we will be able to predict what diseases people may have or may be at risk from later in life. Many of our health problems now have possible solutions with the use of Artificial Intelligence in studies at universities, hospitals, and research groups. For example, Artificial Intelligence has made the implant of artificial corneas into the eyes of blind people enabling them to see.* Speech Recognition- AI is also used in the area of speech recognition. Computers can now understand human speech by using speech recognition programs. This allows users to work on computers by talking to them. This enables computers to be used by the disabled.EntertainmentAI opens up new and exciting...

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