The Controversy Surrounding Stem Cell Research Essay

634 words - 3 pages

Stem-cell research is a complex subject. First of all you need to know there are three main categories of stem cells. Embryonic, Fetal and Adult; not everyone is for or against all of these types. There are different sets on pros and cons to each of these types and I will address a few for each type. I believe the pros outweigh the cons in each of these and stem cell research is very beneficial for medical purposes.
The term ‘stem cell research was first used by gist Alexander Maksimov, a Russian histologist in 1908. His postulate was made in Berlin at the congress of hematological society and proposed the existence of haematopoietic stem cells. Most was quiet in the way of stem cell research until the 1960s when Altman and Das present evidence of ongoing stem cell activity in the brain called neurogenesis. Their research is widely ignored because it contradicts Cajal’s ‘no new neutrons’ theory. Since then discoveries have been being made increasingly often. Treating SCID with bone marrow transplants, the discovery of stem cells in cord blood, and curing leukemia are only a few of the uses stem cells have been used for.
Embryonic stem cell research is perhaps the most controversial form of stem-cell research. It involves taking cells from aborted fetuses for research and treatment of diseases. Not to say that fetuses should be conceived just to be aborted for this reason but if a woman chooses to abort her baby it is a good thing it could be used for good, to cure diseases plaguing others. Embryonic stem cell lines are from the inner cell mass of a blastoyst, that is, a very young embryo. Probably around four to five days old in humans and consisting of no less than 50 and no more than 150 cells. When given sufficient and necessary stimulation stem cells can develop into more than 200 types of cells in the adult body, this gives...

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