The Country Of India Essay

1342 words - 5 pages

India is one-third the size of the United States and it is the seventh largest country in the world, with 1.27 million square miles of land. In the north are the Himalayas, they are 1,490 miles long and their highest peak is Mt. Everest. Mt. Everest is also the highest peak in the world. To the north there is also the Gangetic Plains and to the south is the Deccan Plateau. Three major rivers that flow through India are the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra Rivers. They all flow into the Bay of Bengal, which is an important body of water in India. Other bodies of water around India are the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. The capital of India is New Delhi and the country is made up of 28 states and seven territories. Some of them include Gujarat, Haryana, and Punjab. The most populated cities in India are Mumbai, Calcutta, New Delhi, and Chennai. India has fairly good weather and goes through six seasons: summer, autumn, winter, spring, summer monsoon, and winter monsoon. The temperature ranges from below freezing to over 100 degrees Fahrenheit, depending on the location. In addition, rainfall varies depending on where someone is. The city Cherrapunji can reach over 1,000 inches while Mumbai may only get over 100 inches. Although some places do get a lot of rain, droughts are possible. Also, the population of India is over 1 billion and it continues to grow every day.
India’s history is strongly linked to the Indus River. In the nineteenth century, some important events are in 1815 the Mughal Empire ends, in 1867 Mohandas Karamchand is born, and in 1885 the Indian National Congress forms. In the twentieth century, India gains their independence from Britain. Britain ruled India for about two centuries and they left a huge influence on them, especially in government, law, language, architecture, and sports. The non-violent rebellion work of Mahatma Gandhi allowed India to gain their independence. After Britain left, India chose to be a democracy. There were also multiple wars with Pakistan in the twentieth century. India and Pakistan are fighting over who should own Kashmir and the dispute still continues today. In addition to those events, India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was elected in 1947, and in 1948 Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated.
The Republic of India is a federal republic, in which the state and national government share powers. Since Britain had controlled India for such a long time a lot of their government is like Britain’s. Their legal system is based on English common law which means there is a judicial review of legislative acts, and separate personal law codes apply to Christians, Hindus, and Muslims. India’s government is separated into three main branches executive, judicial, and legislative, like the United States. The executive branch consists of the chief of state, head of government, and cabinet. The current President is Pratibha Devisingh Patil, the vice president is...

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