The Creation Of The Ancient Egyptian Calendar And Twenty Four Hour Time Had A Significant Impact On Modern Societies.

802 words - 3 pages

The Ancient Egyptian calendar and twenty four hour time has had a significant impact on modern society. The Ancient Egyptians were the first people to make a calendar that was accurate with the Sun and Seasons. The Ancient Egyptians also had devices to calculate the time of the day and night. Over the years other civilisations have made the calendar better.It has taken modern Egyptologists many years to tie together the information from burials, tombs, temples, archaeological excavations and other sources. The surviving records of the observations of the heliacal rising of the star Sirius provides the information on the Egyptian calendar and its link with events in Ancient Egypt. The Sothic Rising of Sirius coincided with the beginning of the solar year. This event only happened every 1460 years. The period between the Sothic Risings is called the Sothic Cycle.Herodotus stated that the Egyptians were the first people to invent the calendar."But as to those matters which concern men, the priests agreed with one another in saying that the Egyptians were the first of all men on earth to find out the course of the year, having divided the season into twelve parts to make up the whole; and this they said they found out from the stars..."(Herodotus)They were also the first people to invent the twenty four hour clock. Ancient Egyptians Astronomers observed the sky regularly. They divided the sky into 36 groups of star gods (constellations). The most important of these was Sirius. Sirius was the brightest among all the stars and the most important. The reason Sirius was the most important star is because it is what the Ancient Egyptians based there calendar on.The Ancient Egyptians year had 365 days and 12 months, it was also separated into 3 seasons; the Flood Season, the Planting Season and the Harvest Season. For the extra five days of the year the Ancient Egyptians had feasts and they were called the Epagomenal Days. Each week for the Egyptians had 10 days and had 12 hours for day and 12 hours for night. The beginning of the Egyptian calendar began when there was a flood. They noticed that the star Sirius appeared when the floods began. When the floods began, it was the start of the Flood Season. Ancient Egyptians paid close attention to the annual cycle of the season, so they knew when to plant and...

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