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The Creation Of Israel In 1945

982 words - 4 pages

Discuss the varying responses to the conflicts between the Arab's and the Jew's, leading up to the creation of Israel in 1945.Throughout history there have been many conflicts between the Jewish Israelis and the Arab Palestinians, both of who claim the right of sovereignty over the current land of Israel. The Jewish claimed they needed a national homeland and Palestine had been promised to them in biblical times while the Arabs claimed that it was their land initially and the Jewish had no right to take it away. Both groups have had varying responses to the conflicts that occurred leading up to the creation of Israel in 1948. Many key groups and events were responsible for the creation of the state of Israel including the various contradictory agreements made by the British, Theodor Hetzl and the first zionist congress, the effect of WWII and the feelings of hatred between the Arabs, Jewish and British.One man who was important in beginning the Zionist movement (the belief that the Jews national homeland was Palestine) was Theodor Herzl. Herzl was an Austrian Jew who published a pamphlet called "the Jewish State", where he claimed that the Jews were alienated by society because they were a people without a nation. He aimed to create a Jewish state and traveled through Europe meeting national leaders in order to gain support for his scheme. While doing this he was able to convene the First Zionist Congress in August 1987. This congress was a significant step forward to establishing a Jewish homeland. Herzl considered accepting other sites for a Jewish homeland other than Palestine, especially Uganda. However when he died in July 1904 the Uganda scheme died with him and migrants began moving into Palestine. By 1914 the Jewish population of Palestine had grown somewhere between 50 and 90 thousand. The conflicts between the Jews and Arabs started then when the Jewish started buying the land from the absentee Arab landowners, which left the many Arabs displaced. As the Arabs became aware what was occurring opposition began to mount against the Jewish.In WWI Britain made three contradictory agreements with the Arabs and the Jews. The first of these agreements was the McMahon-Hussein Correspondence in 1915 between Amir Hussein and Sir Henry McMahon. In this McMahon promised the Arabs their independence if they helped Britain in the war against Turkey. The second agreement contradicted the McMahon Hussein. The Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916 was between the British and French where they secretly decided to split up the Turkish Empire among themselves and expand their empire. However the Russians leaked this information to the Arabs which began the Arab resentment of the British. After the war, under the terms of the Sykes-Picot Agreement, the British were left in charge of Palestine. The third agreement was the Balfour Declaration in 1917 which was between leading British Zionist Lord Rothschild...

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