The Crimean Crisis Is A Soft Power Versus Hard Power Conflict

2495 words - 10 pages

The Crimean Crisis is the name given to the still ongoing international conflict, mainly focused in the Crimean Peninsula, a region previously administered by Ukraine, as the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. This region is multi-ethnic, mainly populated by Russians. In February 2014, after the Ukrainian Revolution, the Russian troops entered the region and annexed it as the Crimean Federal District, under the control of the Russian Federation. Even though this move is not recognized by the United Nations and the resolution to the conflict is far from being determined, the crisis is still a perfect opportunity for the analysis of the use of political power. The Russian Federation is still a believer in hard power, and has its hopes in the “boots on the ground” approach. On the other hand, the United States, joined with other G8 members, except Russia, is trying to use the soft power approach and use economic power and media to find the solution for the crisis. Even though the crisis is still ongoing, it is clear that it is the conflict in which Russia is hoping that their short term hard power approach will succeed, while the United States and the rest of the G8 are hoping for a long term soft power pressure to prevail.
In order to understand the conflict, some geographical and historical background is necessary. Crimea is a peninsula situated in the Black Sea, located south of Ukraine and west of the Russian region Kuban. It is connected to Ukraine by the Isthmus of Perekop, a narrow 4 mile strip of land, and separated from the Kuban region by the Kerch Strait, a 2 mile wide strait. (Haaretz, 2014) The area of the peninsula is around 10,000 square miles and is the only autonomous region in Ukraine, with Simferopol as its capital. It is multi-ethnic, with around two million people residing within the borders of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Around sixty percent of the residents declare themselves as Russians and speak Russian. The rest of the area is populated by ethnic Ukrainians, with the exception of a group called Tatars, prevalently Muslim, whose numbers run around three hundred thousand. (Harness, 2014)
And, while geographically the region might seem complex, historically it gets even more complicated. Back in the 1850s Crimea was absorbed into the Russian Empire by Catherine the Great, who did so after winning the Crimean war, beating the Ottoman Empire. In 1921 the area became a part of the Soviet Union, but was still mainly populated by Muslim Tatars, who were there since the times the Ottoman Empire ruled the area. Crimea stayed under control of Moscow and officially a part of Russia, within the Soviet Union, until 1954. In 1954, Nikita Khrushchev decided to sign Crimea off to Ukraine. (Fletcher, 2014) At the time, this did not seem to matter too much, because Ukraine was still a part of the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Crimea stayed a part of Ukraine, as the Autonomous Republic of...

Find Another Essay On The Crimean Crisis Is a Soft Power Versus Hard Power Conflict

Tidal Power as a Solution to the Energy Crisis

1024 words - 4 pages The energy crisis of the 20th century is well known and a completely understandable problem. Such resources as coal, oil, and natural gas that served as a good material for making different kinds of energy for a long period are rapidly vanishing in today's extreme growth of civilization and technical progress. This emergency made the world think more deeply about the ways of generating power in the future. One of them is a well-known option of

Presidential Power in a National Crisis

1541 words - 6 pages Presidential Power in a National Crisis Presidents of the United States take an oath to uphold the Constitution. In times of crisis, however, presidents are tempted to circumvent the spirit of the Constitution in the name of political expediency. The president of the United States of America is frequently under pressure, which could be for something as simple as dealing with his wife (especially if she's running for the US Senate), but

Soft Power Revolution: An Analysis of Social Media and Non-Violent Activism in the New Era

1583 words - 6 pages trying to contain the spread of revolution.” Nye asserts that “the basic building blocks of world politics are being transformed by the new technology. If we focus solely on the hard power of nation-states, we will miss the new reality” (Nye, 2003, p. 216). The 21st century and the digital age has shown that soft power is the method of revolution for this era. “Given social media, no leader is any longer able to ignore his people” (H.R

The restorative power of Æsculapius versus the vitalizing power of God in Spenser's 'The Faerie Queene'

2028 words - 8 pages In Edmund Spenser's The Faerie Queene, there are many ideas in which Spenser himself strongly believes in. Specifically, the holiness of the Protestant Church versus the wickedness of the Catholic Church, and the power of Satan versus the power of God. The power of Æsculapius (Canto 5) and the power of the Tree of Life and the Well of Life (Canto 11) might look similar from a distance in terms of magical magnificence, but the task which

The "Flip-side" of Power An essay on the conflict of power and safety in Macbeth

935 words - 4 pages in conflict. The power of knowledge and the pursuit of power lead to a decline in comfort. As Lady Macbeth and Macbeth discover, those without power, including the people they murdered find the most comfort. Like trying to measure two factors with precision, trying to reach both goals to a high degree is impossible. At the same time, the two are able to decline together. That's why a balance needs to be found between the human need of security and the dangerous pursuits of power.

Why did Mussolini's power survive the Matteotti crisis?

1232 words - 5 pages prevailing power was not originally intended by the Prime Minister himself - the imposition of dictatorship. The likelihood is that although it was an avenue that would have been considered, he would not have entered into it quite so soon without the influence of the Ras and extremists (and as such lost the battle for power). In a meeting on the 31st December 1924 the Ras turned on Mussolini and informed him (in a series of events reflecting those of

Organization Power and Politics that causes conflict.

635 words - 3 pages Organizational power is the ability of one actor or stakeholder to over come resistance by other actors and achieve a desired objective or result. According to most researchers, organizational power is the mechanism through which conflict gets resolved, and it can be defined a sthe ability of one person or group to overcome resistance by others to achieve a desired objective or result.THe main sources of power available to managers and subunits

Power Law Relationships in Insurgency-Based Conflict

672 words - 3 pages Lately much ado is being made of the findings of Sean Gourley and his crew regarding power law relationships they’ve found in insurgency-based conflict. For some quick background, go here: and watch the 7 minute TED video. Let me be frank. This is another prime example of academics armed with mathematical/statistics based techniques run amok with statistical inference and a naïve belief that it can predict the future

"Politics has nothing to do with idealism; it is all about hard-headed decisions, money and power." Do you agree?

1197 words - 5 pages -governmental organizations (NGOs), has its specific burden to bear -- management of a country on a day-to-day basis. NGOs like Amnesty International can help supplement this by keeping issues like human rights on the agenda. "Hard-headed decisions, money and power" may be too harsh a term to use -- it would be crucifying politics on a cross it does not have to bear.

Fossil Fuel versus Solar Power: Where the Line Meets the Circle

2174 words - 9 pages Fossil Fuel versus Solar Power: Where the Line Meets the Circle There are a number of benefits to building a house that utilizes direct solar energy as compared to current conventional designs, which are largely powered and heated by energy from fossil fuels. According to a number of estimates, it is actually cheaper in the long term to incorporate solar energy into building design. Solar energy is far cleaner than fossil fuel derived energy

Power, Politics and Dealing with Conflict: DDR as a Political Process

1359 words - 6 pages DDR as a Political Process In countries where conflict has raged, but where the political will has developed to work towards a non-violent state of being, DDR has been a policy to aid the sustainable development of peace. Ana Cutter Patel writes that DDR is an integral part of peace building; it tries to disarm, demobilize and reintegrate former combatants in order to establish security which is one of the key components of peace. According

Similar Essays

Hard Power And Soft Power And Terrorism

907 words - 4 pages Soft power defined, Hard power revisedPower, as one of the most regular and widely used words in today's society, has raised various debates and controversy in its application on international affairs. A decade or so earlier, Joseph S. Nye coined the term soft power (Nye) which was developed as a term of international power compared to military and economic power by him during the following years. From Nye's point of view, soft power is the

Canada's Move Towards Soft Power Essay

863 words - 3 pages I believe that Canada’s move towards soft power is absolutely positive one. As a rationalist, I believe soft power should be adopted by all countries as their primary philosophies for maintain and sustaining its power amongst other countries in the world. Being a hard power can have its benefits but it is also can be perceived by the rest of the world as the role of international “bullies,” such as United States and their interference in world

A Good Man Is Hard To Find: The Power Of Manipulation

1108 words - 4 pages moment she was in control of everybody around her. The question is did they only listen to her because of the power she held. So when the escaped convict came around she had met her match and this is what he had to say about her, “She would have been a good woman, if it had been somebody there to shoot her every minute of her life.”   Works Cited 1. Shmoop Editorial Team. "A Good Man is Hard to Find Theme of Manipulation" Shmoop

The Power Of Good And Evil In Flannery O'connor's A Good Man Is Hard To Find

1845 words - 7 pages The Power Of Good And Evil in Flannery O'Connor's A Good Man is Hard to Find        Good and bad. Right and wrong. Guilty and Innocent. These are just a few of the many themes that surround everyone's life. Everyone has their own opinion about certain issues, and they depend on their values, judgment, and beliefs to see them through their difficulties. Flannery O'Connor was quoted as saying "I see from the standpoint of Christian