This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Criminal Justice System Has Been Important In Defining, Explaining And Controlling Behaviors Understood As Deviant. Discuss Two Sociological Responses To Concepts Of Criminal Deviance.

645 words - 3 pages

Criminal deviance in a post-modern society refers to the notion of nonconformity of members of a particular society (van Krieken R. et al., Sociology: Themes and Perspectives, 2000). Deviance is considered to be a result of biological problems and the socialization process, though the functionalist theory of deviance and the anomie of strain theory both explain the cause of deviance in relation to social class, sub culture and ethnicity when set within an appropriate societal context and values framework (L. DeFleur M. et al., Sociology: Human Society, 1973).Merton's Anomie of Strain theory devised in 1938 hypothesized that deviant behavior is the result of a "disjunction between culturally defined goals to which most members of society aspire, and.....legitimate means for achieving the goals". Thus socially provoked tensions causes deviant behavior (Social Structure and Anomie, 1957). The main argument of this theory is that individuals of lower socioeconomic status are more likely to engage in deviant behavior than socioeconomically advantaged members of society because they have less access to achieving goals (van Krieken R. et al., Sociology: Themes and Perspectives, 2000). Though limitations to this theory are that the act of deviance is considered only in terms of poverty and alienation and hence fails to explain why other members of society commit acts of deviance.Alternatively, the integrationist theory regards deviance as an outcome of the labeling interaction process occurring between people (Clinard M, Sociology of Deviant Behavior, 1963). Thus "deviance...... is a consequence of the application by others of rules and sanctions to an offender"(Becker, 1963 cited in Blackwell Synergy - Br J Sociology Page 191). Becker argued that there is no such thing as an intrinsically deviant act until so perceived by others and labeled as such (van Krieken R. et al., Sociology: Themes and Perspectives, 2000). This theory whilst concentrating on deviance as a social construct also relates to socioeconomic status by the divide of...

Find Another Essay On The criminal justice system has been important in defining, explaining and controlling behaviors understood as deviant. Discuss two sociological responses to concepts of criminal deviance.

The Criminal Justice System Essay

1487 words - 6 pages The Criminal Justice System After speaking with several different individuals, I think the reason I chose to use the responses and thoughts of Alissa C. in my paper is because she had straight yes and no answers with thoughtful explanations, and she had very few "I don't know" or "maybe" type answers. Alissa C. seemed genuinely concerned about the state of the criminal justice system and, obviously, had given it a great deal of thought

The Criminal Justice System Essay

901 words - 4 pages The Criminal Justice System The Criminal Justice System is one of the most important tools available to society for the control of anti-social behavior. The criminal justice system needs to prove a balance between punishing the guilty and protecting the innocent being found guilty; however it is not as easy to convict those who are guilty of committing crimes. There have been many miscarriages to justice where innocent

Prosecuting Juveniles As Adults in The Criminal Justice System

2668 words - 11 pages that seek to explain criminal behavior in terms of the individual (Glueck). The sociological perspective of delinquency generally regards it as a “normal” response and holds that all persons have the potential and the opportunity to commit delinquent or criminal acts (Glueck). As teens mature, their frontal lobes mature, and during this maturation the limbic system lags creating such impulsive, risky behavior as doing drugs and driving

The Goals of Criminal Justice: Doing justice, controlling crime, and preventing crime

695 words - 3 pages to prevent crime from happening in the first place, to meet the wider needs of victims, and to help turn offenders away from crime.The National Criminal Justice Board has agreed a vision for the criminal justice system, which describes what the system will look like in the following years. Firstly, this system envisions that the public develop confidence on its being effective in serving all communities fairly. Also, it envisions for the victims

Intersectionality in the Criminal Justice System

2262 words - 9 pages aiding victims with increase in awareness and prevention efforts but the issue is still widely evident today and will continue to shadow the criminal justice system. There has been a movement to simply treating victims as property during the Medieval Period, origins of feminism in movements of the 1970’s, the institution of legislations to increase accountability including the ‘Violence Against Women Act’ in the United States and the ‘Declaration

The Criminal Justice System in USA

1687 words - 7 pages are often embedded into a culture of the human character, in other words, viewed as essential to the criminal justice system. This biblical story mentioned above has defined the way justice has been administered for thousands of years. The quote "Eye for an eye" continues to be the standard adopted by courts throughout the ages. Race is an issue. Ignoring in turn ignores the role played by whites, who created race as a concept," and allows

Racial bias in the criminal justice system

660 words - 3 pages represent one third of those arrested for drug crimes, but two-thirds of those sent to prison. Whites and racial minorities live incompletely different worlds when it comes to the American criminal justice system.. Since as far back as the 1920's minorities have been over-represented in federal and state prisons. Minorities were then 25% of all prisoners while only about ten percent of the total population.The Kerner Commission warned in its

Racism in the Criminal Justice System

1255 words - 5 pages Is the Criminal Justice system racist? This question has been asked many times by people of many colors. According to Mac Donald (2008), the criminal justice system is not at all racist. The article depicts arrest rates of both whites and blacks and compares statistics on these arrests. It looks at the number of whites and the number of blacks in jails and prisons. In this critique, we will be looking into this article to see these points in

Lance Lowry in the Criminal Justice System

1027 words - 5 pages extremely stressful occupation with poor pay and bad workplace conditions. Correctional Officers have very high rates of stress-related illnesses, divorce, substance abuse, suicide and even PTSD.” I asked Lance if he felt prison have any rehabilitative potential. Lance considers it a very punitive system that he has been working to improve. In 2007, a group of criminal justice experts got together and agreed reform was needed, and the legislature

Psychiatric Disorders in the Criminal Justice System

1960 words - 8 pages the criminal justice system. Mental institutions were ‘warehouses’ for the mentally ill and failed to meet basic human rights requirements and treatment. Yet as a result of institutions closing, more mentally ill people began filling the prison system. Something needs to be done about mental illness in prisons and there can be two possible solutions. Firstly, mentally ill people who have committed crimes are still

Judges and jurists have great faith in the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. Psychologists, however, would have us believe eyewitnesses have little to offer the Criminal Justice System. Discuss

2488 words - 10 pages INTRODUCTIONIt has been found that when an eyewitness testimony is provided as evidence in a criminal court case, it is more likely to result in a conviction (Visher, 1987), in fact, 77,000 people per year are charged with crimes solely based on eyewitness evidence (Goldstein, Chance & Schneller, 1989). A study conducted by Loftus (1974) found an alarming 54% swing from a non-guilty verdict, to that of guilty within the same case simply

Similar Essays

Criminal Law, Criminal Careers, And The Criminal Justice System

2544 words - 10 pages offenders may even "learn" to become better criminals while incarcerated.Criminal CareersWhy do criminals pursue careers in crime? To understand the life of a career criminal we must first look at some Historical Backgrounds and Criminal Career Patterns.Historical BackgroundsThere are many theories as to why criminal activity occurs. The classical school theory has five basic concepts. One; everyone has free will. This means that a person chooses to do

Discuss Law, The Youth Criminal Justice System Past And Present

3441 words - 14 pages important to ensure that there is timely intervention in order to reinforce the link between the offending behavior and its consequences. Children do not have the same intent as an adult may have which really makes the Youth Criminal Justice Act stand out because it evaluates all the concepts of the young offender, it gives them a chance to turn themselves around which I personally think is the better for all.Best of all the Youth Criminal

The Criminal Justice System Essay

2417 words - 10 pages The criminal justice system views any crime as a crime committed against the state and places much emphasis on retribution and paying back to the community, through time, fines or community work. Historically punishment has been a very public affair, which was once a key aspect of the punishment process, through the use of the stocks, dunking chair, pillory, and hangman’s noose, although in today’s society punishment has become a lot more

The Criminal Justice System Essay

3698 words - 15 pages The Criminal Justice System Is this a hellish nightmare that I have to awaken from? Caged and confined, thinking and pondering, I wonder what human is this that he should be subjected to imprisonment that neither improves nor corrects his soul? Is there no compassion for restoring a man to contribute to this nation? Or does the dark side of humanity see offenders of the law as utter undesirables unworthy of aid and therapy