The Criticisms Of Kohlberg's Moral Development Stages

5371 words - 21 pages

The Criticisms of Kohlberg's Moral Development Stages

Part One:The criticisms of Kohlberg's moral development stages seem to center around three major points, his research methods, the "regression" of stage four, and finally his goals.The first criticism that I would like to address is that of his research methods. Kohlberg is often criticized for not only his subject selection, but also the methods by which he tries to extricate data from those subjects. His initial study consisted of school boys from a private institution in Chicago. The problem with this is fairly obvious, that this does not represent a significant portion of the population to allow for generalized conclusions. In other words, how can we test some boys from Chicago and ascertain that this is how all people develop worldwide?I believe that the answer to this criticism comes from the theory that it relates to.

Kohlberg's moral development schema is highly dependent upon the idea that there are fundamental truths that cannot be dismissed. These ideas are "in the ether", wound into the very fabric that constructs human nature. Granted, his descriptions of the various stages also seem very dependent upon the surroundings and social institutions that an individual would be subjected to. Yet these institutions would be have to be built upon people, all of whom would share these ideological truths. It seems fairly obvious that all people have undeniable needs, survival and some group membership. Kohlberg's stages are merely methods by which one could fulfill these needs.

For instance, Spartan societies were adamant about maintaining the purity and strength of the civilization. Citizens saw no wrong in exposing a sick or lame baby to the elements so that it might die. Surely an act of cruelty today, but in that society, a necessary evil The prosperity and wealth of the whole was of greater importance than that of the individual.In addition to these justifications, additional research substantiated Kohlberg's claims. Different subjects were tested, from all ages and regions, and the same conclusions were drawn from the data. Assuming that these conclusions are correct, and the data leads to the same interpretation, is there any other possibility?

This argument seems most impressive, especially considering the differences between people that are evident in everyday life. Similarities on such an abstract level must be supportive of Kohlberg's claims. Another criticism of Kohlberg assumes that his subjects are biased, but proposes that his methods are even worse. To get the perspective of another person, he confronts them with seemingly impossible, unrealistic, and confrontational dilemmas. I, myself, had trouble with the Heinz dilemma because of my inability to believe that it was something that could take place in the real world. Even more so, the situation was something that was very foreign, and very hard to relate to.

Anyone who has contemplated something very life...

Find Another Essay On The Criticisms of Kohlberg's Moral Development Stages

A critical Appraisal of Kohlberg's Theory Of Moral Development

1986 words - 8 pages Conscience MaintenancePostconventional LevelStage 5: The Stage of Prior Rights and Social Contract or UtilityStage 6: The Stage of Universal Ethical PrinciplesKohlberg believed that individuals could only progress through these stages one stage at a time. That is, they could not "jump" stages. Kohlberg's ideas of moral development are based on the premise that at birth, all humans are void of morals, ethics, and honesty. He identified the family as the

MORAL DEVELOPMENT overwiew of moral development and who were some of the major theorists of this topic. Interviews, have been done so using Kohlberg's theory

6426 words - 26 pages MORAL DEVELOPMENTRUNNING HEAD: MORAL DEVELOPMENTMoral developmentIn APA StyleAaron McCollOntario CanadaThrough reading this paper, you will first learn what moral development is and who were some of the major theorists of this topic. We will take an in-depth look at Laurence Kohlberg's stages of moral development. You will read analyses of six mock interviews which I have completed. From there we will look at three interviews that I conducted

Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning

678 words - 3 pages Personal Thoughts on Kohlberg's Theory ofMoral DevelopmentName HereDateClassKohlberg's theory of moral reasoning can be divided into three levels and six stages. What this report is intended to do is look at these levels and situations where Kohlberg's theory may be appliedThe first stage of Kohlberg's theory is known as preconventional morality. The age range for this stage is usually preschool children, most elementary school students, a few

Stages of the Development of Personality

2079 words - 8 pages conscious awareness of existing, together with a sense of personal identity. Friedman and Schustack 2009 write of Freud’s psychosexual stages and how they impact the development of personality. I sucked my thumb far later in childhood than I should have and still possess oral fixations. Perhaps my bed wetting was an indication that there was some psychological manifestation. My mother responded by sticking my face in urine until the habit retreated

Stages of Group Development

1409 words - 6 pages Coursework 4According to Tuckman and Jensen (1977), there are five stages of group development. The five stages are "forming", "storming", "norming", "performing", and "adjourning". Forming is when everyone is instructed to group together for a particular purpose and understand the task to be accomplished but there are sceptical between each other. This is the period of "testing-out" our group members. Storming is where some minor confrontations

Stages of Team Development

2011 words - 8 pages creativity team member. Although, Pirola-Merlo and Mann (2004) did experiment and they had not the same answers with Taggar, but they also acknowledge that team creativity is more than the addition of members’ creativity (Pirola-Merlo and Mann, 2004). Five stages of team development Although team is able to work effective, effectiveness of team could effect by team members, team communicate and team members behavior. Those problems

Stages of Team Development

527 words - 2 pages be gained from developing team working in mental health care. Despite such growing evidence there is very little to suggest that team development initiatives are being carried out in mental health settings. In order to develop team working in health care, it is important to do a full evaluation of the team and to identify its strengths and weaknesses(Bens, 1999).Understanding how to create teams begins by understands that team processes vary

Tracing the Moral Development of Huck Finn

651 words - 3 pages Tracing the Moral Development of Huck Finn Living in the 1800's wasn't an easy task. There were many hardships that a person had to endure. In the novel, The Adventures of Huck Finn, the author Mark Twain portrays the adventure of a young boy. Huck, the young boy, goes on a journey with various dilemmas. The novel starts off in Missouri on the Mississippi River. Huck is taken from his guardians by his father and then decides to

The Moral Development of Huckleberry Finn

1034 words - 4 pages indirectly see the continued improvements and declines of Huck’s moral judgment. At some points, he serves only himself; at other key events in the story, he creates elaborate lies that help others. The moral development of Huck makes itself apparent in the changing lies of Huck, allowing readers to observe the events taking place within Huck’s mind with ease. Work Cited Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Ed. Guy Cardell. New York: Penguin Classics, 2002. Print.

Emotional Development Stages of Childhood

1000 words - 4 pages Emotional development ages birth to five Emotional development of infant Children grow, and develop at different rates, however most pass through developmental milestones during a predictable period, in order to move forward with developmental stages. Starting from birth babies are learning who they are everyday through interactions with others. From birth until death the interactions a person has with others can affect permanent everyday

Stages of Psycho Sexual Development

1629 words - 7 pages Humans will pass through various stages of growth throughout their lives. This is known as development, and according to Louw (2007), development is defined as all transformations experienced by people throughout their life span. One of the developments that go through by human is psycho-sexual development suggested by Sigmund Freud as he believed that “human development involves the transfer of libidinal energy from one erogenous zone to

Similar Essays

Lawrence Kohlberg's Stages Of Moral Development

2160 words - 9 pages Lawrence Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg conducted research on the moral development of children. He wanted to understand how they develop a sense of right or wrong and how justice is served. Kohlberg used surveys in which he included moral dilemmas where he asked the subjects to evaluate a moral conflict. Through his studies, Kohlberg observed that moral growth and development precedes through stages such as those

Kohlberg's Theory's Of Moral Development Essay

908 words - 4 pages Kohlberg's theory of moral development consists of six stages within three levels known as preconventional Morality, conventional Morality and postconventional Morality. Kohlberg calls stage one thinking "preconventional" because children are unable to speak as members of society at this point. Instead, they see morality as what the adults say they must do. Kohlberg believes that moral development is a process which occurs throughout the

Kohlberg's Theory Of Moral Development Essay

1658 words - 7 pages , Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development presents three levels: The Preconventional, Conventional, and Postconventional. Each level contains two stages. Stages one and two in the preconventional involve an “egocentric point of view” and a “concrete individualistic perspective” in which the person makes choices based on the fear of punishment and the desire for rewards. In stages three and four of the conventional level, persons make choices

Characters Of The Crucible In Relation To Kohlberg's Stages Of Moral Reasoning

1002 words - 4 pages cold and unforgiving towards Proctor and though her circumstance may be deserving of pity, she does not elicit much sympathy from the audience because of her frost. However, by the end of the play, she sees her faults and repents, and also forgives Proctor, and she understands what others in the final act cannot, she understands why Proctor’s name means more to him than his life. All of the stages of moral development are presented in The Crucible, related to a character by their actions and motives. This is a way to categorize the characters without there being any overlap or gray areas.