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The Crusades And The Siege Of Damascus

838 words - 4 pages

The Crusades lasted much longer than most people are aware. Common knowledge of the Crusades states that it was one long war between Christians and Muslims, when in fact; there were several Crusades, between Christians, and all non-Christians. The first Crusade was the only successful Crusade, and was widely praised in Christian Europe. After the fall of Edessa in 1144, a second Crusade was waged unsuccessfully.
Dawn Hayes, a professor at Montclair State University, defines the Crusades as a “series of armed military campaigns waged between two very different cultures that had developed separately, but along paths that eventually brought them into violent contact”(3). In 1096, Pope ...view middle of the document...

From the beginning, people were against the Second Crusade. After 45 years of peace, people didn’t want to be in a new war. The second Crusade was shorter than the first, and only had five major battles. The Christians, led by the kings of France and Spain, were unsuccessful in almost every battle they fought. Crusaders were givin special rights by the pope or a bishop, and they were absolved of their sins before and after every battle. Due to this, crusaders began to pillage small townships on their borders, killing women and children alike. After two years, the Christians had an opportunity to capture Damascus from the Muslims, and marched on the city with the largest army they had ever amassed, an army of fifty-thousand men. People were sure of the fact that the war would be over in a few days, but the Christians were horribly prepared for this attack.
In late July of 1147, Christians marched on the Turkish city, and made camp in an orchard outside of the city in order to make sure they had enough food to feed their massive army. For two days, the Christians attempted to destroy the walls and breach the city, but they didn’t realize that the side of the city facing the orchard was the most heavily fortified. So, after losing ten thousand men, The Christian army moved around the city, to an open field that wouldn’t have been able to be defended if they were attacked by an outside force. For two more days,...

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