The Crusades were a series of military campaigns to regain their holy land from the Muslims. This conquest led to the growth of worldwide culture and understanding. They began 1095 and were sanctioned by Pope Urban II. The crusades lasted for many years and finally ended in 1291. In the end the Crusades did not have a clear victor, but influenced our world today greatly. The Crusades brought many great things that ultimately impacted history in the middle ages because of its religious expansion, military conquest and trying to overthrow the muslims, and finally resorted to looting and stealing throughout their conquest.
It is easily visible today that the Crusades really strayed away from its central goal of retaking Jerusalem, but was accomplished in some ways. It was believed that Jerusalem was conquered for many years, but that reign was short lived (Ables 1). Jerusalem was under Crusader rule for about 88 years, but under palestinian rule for 192 years (Knox 2). There was seige between the two battling nations for many years and it appeared that they were in a stalemate. During the fourth Crusade they strayed away from Jerusalem and launched an attack against the city of Constantinople (Madden 2). The damage that was done to the city was unrevisable. This represented that it was not all about the holy land, but more of a time of conquest.
The Crusaders had a hard and long journey ahead of them, but they did not give up because they fought for something they believe in. The journey to retake their land was long and treacherous because they could not travel by water (Trueman 1). They had
to travel by land around the Mediterranean Sea which took longer and was very difficult. They travelled from France through Italy, then Eastern Europe and then through and present day Turkey (Trueman 2). They covered many miles throughout their Holy War. The Crusaders ran out of fresh water and according to a survivor of the First Crusade who wrote about his experiences after his return, some had to drink their own urine, drink animal blood or water that was not safe to drink (Trueman 2). They had a struggle to find food as well because of the high prices. They also had to plunder and steal food which went against their morals because they were soldiers of God (Ables 3 ). This shows how dedicated this large group of men were to fight for something that they truly believed in.
Their long journeys were even more difficult because of the large amount of armour and weapons they suited up in for battle. The crusaders wore chainmail which was about 22 pounds. Leggings with armour, helmets, swords and shields (Black 39). This was good for some soldiers because some did not even have any armour to wear because of the massive numbers fighting for the the Pope (Black 40). These thousands of men were dedicated to their beliefs and did whatever was necessary.
The First Crusades is the most important of them all. On November 1095, in Clermont,...