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The Cuban Missile Crisis Essay

1402 words - 6 pages

In October, 1962, leaders of the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a harsh, thirteen-day political and military standoff over the installation of nuclear armed missiles in Cuba, exactly just 90 miles from the shoreline of Florida, this event was known as the Cuban Missile Crisis ("Cuban Missile Crisis"). This event was considered the climax of the Cold War between United States and the Soviet Union. Since the Cuban Revolution of 1959, tension and several situations have occurred between the U.S. and Cuba (Freedman 14-15). Before America helped Cuba fight off the Spanish for their independence, the Americans had strong political and economical affairs with Cuba ("Cuban Missile Crisis"). Though since the nation of Cuba was lead by communist leader Fidel Castro, they blocked all American relations from Cuba because the U.S didn't want anything to do with the communist party. Although there were many occasions where it impacted both America and Cuba, the Cuban Missile Crisis had the most effect on their long lasting fight ("Cuban Missile Crisis").


It all began after World War II, The Cold War which was a struggle between the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union. Although direct military warfare never took place, diplomatic and economic struggles occurred. It began when Joseph Stalin, leader of the Communist Party, used the Red Army to take control of most of the countries of Eastern Europe. The United States as well as Western European countries were concerned. In response to Stalin's actions, President Harry Truman issued the Truman Doctrine in 1947, which issued that the United States would aid any country that asked for help in resisting communism ("Cuban Missile Crisis"). This doctrine was the containment to stop communism spreading to other countries. At the time both the U.S and the Soviet Union were in an arms race. In the early 1960's, tensions rose between the United States and the USSR when Fidel Castro openly embraced communism and allied with the Soviet Union. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) trained Cuban exiles for a possible future invasion of Cuba to capture Castro. President John F. Kennedy approved this invasion on April 12, 1961. Then on April 14, 1961, a group of B-26 bombers, which were piloted by Cuban exiles, attacked air bases in Cuba. This raid destroyed most of Castro's air power before the land invasion was to take place. Then on April 17, 1961, the land invasion of Cuba took place at the Bay of Pigs. The invasion consisted of about 1400 Cuban exiles but, however was not a successful raid. Cuban ground forces quickly stopped the invasion. Of the 1400 Cuban exiles, 114 were killed and 1,189 were captured (Purs 25). After The Bay of Pigs invasion, more tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union surfaced.

On the 16th of October 1962, President Kennedy was shown pictures that revealed Soviet nuclear armed missile installations on a Cuban base island by a American U-2 spy...

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