The Cuban Missile Crisis Essay

1211 words - 5 pages

The Cuban Missile Crisis (In Cuba this event is known as the October Crisis of 1962) was one of the most tense and crazy periods of time in Cuba and world history. Sadly many today in the Cuban Society as well as other foreign societies today don’t fully understand the danger the entire world faced in October of 1926. Both nations were ready to wipe the other out. It could have been a horrible and nuclear global disaster. Many were scared of the risk for a world war III. It could of caused inconceivable damage from the use of nuclear weapons from both the United States and the former Soviet Union.
In order to fully understand what really occurred, one has to analyze many different primary sources that can show the differences of the political and government of the two most powerful nations in the world of its time. When Fidel Castro overthrew presidency of General Fulgencio Batista, whose government the United States had publicly supported, a conflict between the two countries arose. It would seem that some of the political and military leaders and officials from the United States would secretly welcome the events to come. It soon was very clear that Fidel Castro’s takeover would result in an escalating fight between the United States and Cuba. There were two operations that came about that would try and assassinate Castro, the first was Bay of Pigs and the second Operation Mongoose, they were designed in hope to get Castro out of the political field in Cuba. On the other side of the playing field, the Soviet Union were very much in favor of Castro’s regime and where Cuba stood politically, they also placed nuclear missiles on the island. In the end, the United States and the Soviet Union would come to an agreement to avoid a nuclear war around the world. Castro would declare that the Revolution was a socialist movement for the first time during the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion. Cuba believed that the United States was very persistent on destroying the whole Cuban Revolution whether the Soviet Union was helping them or not. This is why there was such a fear for U.S. invasion and they were trying to figure out ways they could protect themselves.
A few of the main Cuban fears were after the Bay of Pigs invasion failed. John F. Kennedy, President of the United States set in force a new plan to overthrow Castro once again. It was called Operation Mongoose, which was set into effect in February 1962. This was just four months before the Soviet Union decided to send missiles to help the Cubans. It involved many different kinds of terrorist attacks inside Cuba. Many stores and factories were burned and some of the sugar exports were contaminated. This is when the embargo against Cuba started, which meant no Americans could do business with the Cubans, import or export. The CIA was also trying once again to assassinate Castro. Cuba has assumed that these efforts were just the start for a U.S. invasion into Cuba, which would involve U.S. military forces....

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