The Curfew: Issues On Juvenile Delinquency And Constitutional Rights

2513 words - 10 pages

The Curfew PAGE 1
Running Head: THE CURFEWThe Curfew: Issues on Juvenile Delinquency and Constitutional RightsThe Curfew: Issues on Juvenile Delinquency and Constitutional RightsIntroductionJuvenile crime is becoming a threat to society as years go by. Crimes committed by children below 15 have been reported as early as the 19th century, when they faced about the same punishments as adult criminals: public shaming, incarceration, even execution by hanging. At least 10 juveniles who were under 14 at the time of their offense were executed during the 1800s, including two who were just 10 years old, says the Washington-based Coalition for Juvenile Justice (Kresnak, 2003, p. 2).The country has attempted to decrease juvenile delinquency through public curfews. In a recent study of curfew ordinances in the 200 largest U.S. cities with populations of 100,000 or greater in 1992, Ruefle and Reynolds found a dramatic surge in curfew legislation during the first half of the 1990's. Of the 200 cities surveyed, 93 had curfews in effect on January 1, 1990. Between January 1990 and the spring of 1995, an additional 53 of these 200 cities enacted juvenile curfew ordinances, bringing the total of those with curfew laws to 146. During the same period, 37 of the 93 cities with an existing curfew ordinance revised that legislation (Townsend & John Sims Townsend, 2006, p. 23).However, there are lapses to curfew imposition. Considering our constitutional rights to freedom, will curfew curtail the rights of our teenagers who need time and experience to grow with maturity? Is there evidence that curfew will reduce the juvenile delinquency rate significantly? This paper focuses on those issues.History of CurfewThe concept of curfew is not new. The word curfew [O.Fr.,=cover fire], originally meant a signal, such as the ringing of a bell, to damp the fire, extinguish all lights in the dwelling, and retire for the night (The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2001-07, p. 65). The word was once used as a precaution against fires and was once common in Europe in the Middle Ages. At present, there are some states that issue curfew in times of turbulence, such as revolution or civil disturbances. Here, it became a restrictive measure to reduce resistance to the government's plans by keeping people inside their homes. In the earlier days, curfews were even implemented in order to avoid black people off the streets.In the beginning of the Twentieth century, curfew on teenagers had become very common. It also gained popularity during the 1980s' and was most widely accepted across the nation during 1990s (Townsend & John Sims Townsend, 2006, p. 14). In some states, funds have been allocated to impose curfew on teens (Williams, 1996, p. 4). Informal curfews were more commonly found in developed countries like United States of America and United Kingdom (Tienda & William Julius Wilson, 2002, pp. 43-48).The first Federal case about the relationship of juvenile curfews to...

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