The Elements Of A Tragedy By Aristotle.

1456 words - 6 pages

Aristotle says tragedy must obtain 6 elements and the play must have unity of time, place and action. Those elements are plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle, and song. The character in the elements should be a superhuman, above the average person. He has to have a tragic flaw and have both virtue and vice - be both virtuous and villainous. The unity in a tragedy is based on: Time- the action of the play should occur within the span of a day, Place - the action of the play should occur in one location and Action - All action should move towards the same conclusion. The spectacle includes the staging and properties used during the play. Spectacle includes either the reporting of or actual presence of violence and the use of any props. The tragedy plays that I have read are Oedipus Rex which is a classical tragedy, Julius Caesar which is a renaissance tragedy and All My Sons which is a modern tragedy.The character of the play is a superhuman, above average person. He posses both virtue and vice which is he is both virtuous and villainous. He also has a tragic flaw that's usually an internal quality that leads the hero to his downfall. The flaw is recognized to have come by him and that is where he falls. In Oedipus Rex, Oedipus believes he can outwit fate and over come his prophecy. He is proven to be very smart and is a great ruler but he gets mad easily and jumps to conclusions with out thinking first. The time of realization of the flaw is when the shepherd explains to him that he led himself to fulfill the prophecy of killing his father and marrying his mother. Oedipus blinds himself and lives life afterwards as a banished beggar. In Julius Caesar Brutus is the tragic hero because his flaw is he believes he knows what is best for Rome. Brutus is loyal to Rome, he is well respected and honorable but because of loving Rome so much he kills Caesar with out thinking of possible outcomes and starts a battle. When he saw Caesar's ghost and how greedy Cassius was he realized what he had done and rethinks his actions. Brutus turned from a respected soldier to a man hunted for treason and ends up dying. In "All My Sons", Joe believed his family is more important than anything else. He loves his family so much that he sent out faulty airplane heads just to get money and lied in court so his partner got put in jail instead of him. When Joe hears what Larry's letter said he realizes that there is a bigger family than just his and is so guilty so he went inside and shot himself. In this play Keller says "For you, Kate, for both of you, that's all I ever lived for...." (pg. 280) proving that Keller didn't think of anyone but his family. Not all the characters in these 3 plays were super human or above average but that just goes to show how tragedy plays changed over the years.Unity of place says the action of the play should occur in one location. In "Oedipus Rex" the play takes place in the town of Thebes. Oedipus says "Oh my Thebans, hear him!"...

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