The Da Vinci Surgical System Essay

1611 words - 6 pages

The da Vinci Surgical System is a computer enhanced system that replicates a surgeon’s movements using mechanical arms that hold electromechanical instruments. The name is based on Leonardo Da Vinci, who designed a humanoid automaton in 1495, and worked with anatomical design (Intuitive Surgical, 2005). This system is also referred to as a telemanipulator robot, which means “master-slave.” The surgeon, or “master,” is seated at a console away from the bedside and can view the surgical field, in real time, through an endoscope. The surgeon can be seated either in the room, or over long distances. The da Vinci, or “slave” is not programmed, nor can it make decisions to perform any type of surgical maneuver on its own (Davies, 2006). It is solely controlled by the movements of the surgeon. This system is composed of 4 parts: surgeon's console, surgical cart, vision tower, and endowrist instruments. The console is the control unit for the rest of the system. It interprets the view of the surgical site into a three dimensional image that is displayed in front of the surgeon's eyes. The surgical cart is the actual robot at the bedside that performs the surgery. The robot has three arms, two of these hold the instruments and the other holds the camera. The vision tower handles the two channeled images and processes the connection between the camera and the monitor. The endowrist instruments that are attached to the arms give extra degrees of freedom that increase the surgeon’s hand capabilities. This provides the opportunity to perform complex surgeries through tiny incisions. The da Vinci is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for several procedures and is currently being used in the United States and eighteen other countries (FDA, 2008). There are 916 systems in use throughout the United States, 221 in Europe, and an additional 105 in the rest of the world (Intuitive Surgical, 2005). The purpose of this paper is to research the issues surrounding the use of this technology in the operating room, expanding on nursing roles, its benefits, and drawbacks (Tabor, 2007).
Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) was introduced in the early 1980s to avoid complications derived from open surgery. Some of the complications addressed were larger incisions and longer periods of recovery time in the post operative units. At the time of this development, built in camera-instruments were introduced. These instruments are known as endoscopes or laproscopes. The surgeon viewed the field through these scopes which displayed a two-dimensional image. The surgeon had to estimate the target of the anatomy because this two-dimensional drawback did not provide the surgeon with accurate depth perception. Also, these early surgical instruments were rod-like, with no wrist movement and required the surgeon to move his arms in large scale movements. The ergonomics for the surgeons lacked and in return, they would fatigue easily. The...

Find Another Essay On The da Vinci Surgical System

Leonardo da Vinci: The Art of Science

2379 words - 10 pages the mind of the hearer’” (Belt 6 and), all of Leonardo’s journal drawings were actually meant to be an aid for his scientific ideas. Leonardo da Vinci performed scientific research that resembled work of modern scientists than of those in his era. Leonardo was curious to how phenomena worked and made observations of a system naturally, made connections or comparisons between two systems, created experiments to observe the system in a

Leonardo da Vinci - The Dark Side

1290 words - 5 pages his talent was so great (Krull, p. 41); he could have taken advantage of his incredible talent more than he actually did. Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452. As a child, Leonardo spent countless hours outside focused on small aspects of nature including the way birds use their wings to fly, how frogs use their legs to jump, and the way water runs down a river (Krull, p. 21). These hours led Leonardo to a greater understanding of nature

Leonardo Da Vinci: The First Modern Scientist

1289 words - 5 pages Did Leonardo Da Vinci live in the wrong century? Leonardo lived in what is now known as Italy in the late 15th century, but it seems his mind was working in the 20th century. Leonardo certainly represented the exciting time of new ideas in the arts and sciences known as the Renaissance. Leonardo, a man with “boundless curiosity, multiple talents, and visionary imagination” (Prum 3), explored painting, sculpting, science, philosophy, and

The Genius of Leonardo da Vinci

708 words - 3 pages The Genius of Leonardo da Vinci By any standards, Leonardo da Vinci is one of the greatest minds to ever have lived. His fame is not only a product of his multi-talented life as a painter, architect, mechanic, scientist, geologist, writer, musician, physicist, and inventor, but also the quality of his vision and the caliber of his mind. There was no man before him, and as of yet, no man since that has been able to combine the worlds of art

Leonardo da Vinci: The Renaissance Man

972 words - 4 pages Leonardo da Vinci was a very well-known and extremely talented artist in his time. Not only was he an artist but, also an architect, inventor, and chronicler of science (Zimmermann). Throughout his life he created many beautiful works of art. As an inventor he researched objects of interest to see exactly how they performed and tried to figure out the exact science involved. That being said, not only was he an artist, he also personified the

The Mona Lisa by Leonardo Da Vinci

1186 words - 5 pages If someone where to ask you to name a famous painting, what would you say? I would answer The Mona Lisa, possibly the most prominent painting there is today. For my research project, I will be analyzing, retelling, and exploring the Mona Lisa. I chose this piece of artwork because I love art and was just interested in why the Mona Lisa is such a well-known painting. The Mona Lisa was created by Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci. It

The life of Leorando Da Vinci.

1196 words - 5 pages April 15, 1452 Ser Piero and Catarina (her first name is all that we know today) gave birth to arguably the most important man in history, Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo was born in a farmhouse in Anchiano, which is 3 km away from Vinci. Leonardo's family had lived in this area since the 13th century.Ser Piero, Leonardo's father, was a 25-year-old lawyer when Leonardo was born. As the story goes, Ser Piero did not marry Leonardo's mother (Catarina

The Da Vinci Code and religion

1136 words - 5 pages I read this book "The Da Vinci Code" by Dan Brown during summer I didn't want to read this book at first, because I had avoided this book for the longest time because frankly the idea of a convoluted thriller around the Holy Grail did not appeal to me (I enjoyed watching "Monty Python and the Holy Grail"; it was very hilarious movie). I considered myself for being non-religious for long time, and I didn't care anything about religious before I

The Work of Leonardo da Vinci

689 words - 3 pages Grasping the full understanding of science and perfection in creative art are the two ultimate goals that mankind had been striving for ever since these two aspects became an important part of society. Many had aimed for it but none succeeded. Most of those who attempted to obtain this Holy Grail failed but some were able to conquer many fields. Leonardo da Vinci is a perfect example of those “Universal Geniuses.” Leonardo was one of

The Artwork of Leonardo Da Vinci

2417 words - 10 pages The Artwork of Leonardo Da Vinci “Sometimes the heavens endow a single individual with such beauty, grace and abilities that, whatever he does, he leaves all other men far behind, thus demonstrating that his genius is a gift of god and not an acquirement of human art.” (1) Giorgio Vasari. On April 15, 1452, Leonardo Da Vinci was born as an illegitimate child. Even with this setback, he was soon educated and his passion for art began

Symbolism in the Renaissance Art Work of Da Vinci

1437 words - 6 pages “Symbolism in the Renaissance Art Work of Da Vinci”Dan Brown’s The Da Vinci Code centers on a few key pieces of artwork by Leonardo da Vinci. Brown takes a closer look at Da Vinci’s drawings and paintings and uncovers their iconology and honors the feminine. The novel discusses Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, Madonna of the Rocks, and The Vitruvian Man. All of the mentioned artworks have symbolic meaning.Leonardo

Similar Essays

The American Da Vinci Essay

834 words - 4 pages Known as the American Da Vinci, Charles Peale was one of the first great American artists. He was ingenious in his work and talented beyond any American artist before him. His life was full of excitement and adventure that any real man would have loved. Many of his paintings of early American patriots are the only images we have left of them. Charles Peale was an American pioneer in art. Born on April 15, 1741, in Queen Anne, Maryland, to a

The "Genius" Leonardo Da Vinci

1082 words - 4 pages In the latter stages of the fifteenth century, Leonardo da Vinci, as a part of the Italian Renaissance, used his innovative ideas to further science and art. This insight revolutionized the thinking of his society. "The Renaissance was poised between the humanists' links to antiquity and the challenges of new social, political, economic, scientific, and ecclesiastical developments" (Reti, 22). Leonardo da Vinci was one of "the most diverse and

Leonardo Da Vinci "The Renaissance Man"

561 words - 2 pages Leonardo da Vinci was a remarkable man in the times of old and still is today. Leonardo lived during the Renaissance which was a scientific revolution which took place from about 1350 until 1600. In the course of the Renaissance men were aimed upon only learning about, using, and extending the knowledge and techniques of men of former times. He was so phenomenal that he was and is expansively known as a "Renaissance Man." A "Renaissance Man" as

Da Vinci The Greatest Ggenius In History

1812 words - 7 pages Who do you consider the greatest genius of history? In answer to such question, one can think of Mozart, Galileo, or even Einstein. However, in my opinion the greatest mind of history is Leonardo da Vinci. Da Vinci is recognized around the globe as a great artist, but he was not just an artist, he was an engineer and a scientist. Da Vinci was born in Vinci in the Republic of Florence, now located in Italy, in April 15th, 1452. Da Vinci is known