The Dangers Of Genetically Modified Food

809 words - 4 pages

Many Americans consume thousands of pounds of genetically modified foods every day. Throughout the 21st century, genetic engineering tremendously impacted new research in pharmaceutical and forensic science. During that time, it also revolutionized the food in America and many other countries around the world. Using Recombinant DNA biotechnology on crops and farm animals helps improve nutrition and quantity of foods. However, crops that are altered with hybrid genes can also contain chemicals harmful to humans. By using developed biotechnology, scientists are able to inject viruses and bacteria into the embryos of plants to produce genetically modified crops (). The same is applied for transgenic farm animals to increase the size of the animal, thereby producing more meat. Hormones injected into the genes of farm animals cause them to grow faster for marketing. People consuming meats that are genetically modified are susceptible to infection. Genetically modified food affects human health by causing diseases, obesity, and genetic mutation in human fetuses.
In the United States, many people die from diseases transmitted through genetically modified (GM) foods. In addition, 5,200 people are killed annually by food-borne diseases in the United States (Frenzen). Another 3,400 are murdered by unknown pathogens such as bacteria, toxins, viruses, and prions transmitted through GM food (Frenzen). Prions are infectious protein particles, unlike a virus, contains no nucleic acid, does not trigger an immune response, and is not destroyed by extreme heat or cold(). Prions that enter the human body can alter the immune system killing thousands of cells triggering disease in the tissues. Many deaths caused by unknown pathogens are not recognized by doctors in healthcare facilities. Scientists are neither able to prevent these new strands of disease nor create a vaccine that is reliable because of newly emerging pathogens.
Early detection of food-borne pathogens limits the number of outbreaks in hospitals and in the community. The US Centers for Diseases Control (CDC) are currently working on new data regarding identifying emerging pathogens. This assists physicians by supplying them with new knowledge about the diseases they are treating (Isabel). By identifying unknown pathogens, scientists are able to develop new vaccines that can control or even prevent illnesses from becoming serious. On the other hand, outbreaks can also begin in the pre-packaging of vegetables and uncooked meats. Recently, a case of cyclospora infection found in salad mixes reported to have a microscopic...

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