The Dangers of Totalitarianism: 1984, George Orwell
The Dangers of Totalitarianism: Nineteen-Eighty Four, George Orwell
In the novel Nineteen-Eighty Four, George Orwell creates a perfect totalitarian government warning the West countries (such as Spain and Russia) what their society may become in thirty five years. This book was written in 1949, predicting what may happen in the near future if totalitarianism was not rebelled against (Azete, par. 1). In Nineteen-Eighty Four, they had a very oppressed government system which used technology, physical and physiological control and limit of language to control all aspects of life.
Totalitarianism is a form of government in which the state controls all aspects of life. The totalitarian government controls politics, economics, values and beliefs of its society. Many countries had a totalitarian government, such as the Soviet Union which was ruled by Joseph Stalin. Joseph Stalin promoted himself as dictator of the Soviet Union after Vladimir Lenin's death. Stalin used terror and propaganda to control his society. Citizens were forced to obey all rules of the government. They were spied on to be sure that everyone obeyed all the rules; if any rules were broken there were severe punishments, sometimes even death (Encarta).
In Nineteen-Eighty Four, the society was very similar to the society of the Soviet Union when Stalin was ruler. It was set in London, in a city called Oceania. In Orwell's society, the party watched every single citizen all day and if any rules were broken the citizen would be sent to the Ministry of Love where they were tortured. The party eliminated every word that could describe a rebellion. Even thinking a rebellious thought was against the law. The party had an ability to control the past, the present and the future (Goodman, pg. 1-4).
Big Brother, who was known to be the ruler of the party, was to make the citizens feel loved, protected and comforted, although he could also be a great threat. All over Oceania there were signs that said "BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU". Big Brother was the face of the party. It was never known if Big Brother actually exists. He symbolizes the party's control over their people's knowledge and actions. Big Brother was said to be existent since 1930. Winston Smith, who was the main protagonist in the novel, was certain that the party only existed since 1960 (Beschizza, 2008).
The party uses technology to spy on its people, with hidden microphones and telescreens around Oceania. Technology is machinery usually used to help people to do stuff, but in Nineteen-Eighty Four it shows how technology could be used as bad and evil. Technology such as elevators never work properly, but technology that are used to add to the party's power are always working with no problems (Beschizza, 2008).
The party used both physical and physiological control over its people. They would manipulate the...