The Data Protection Act 1998 And The Freedom Of Information Act 2000

6951 words - 28 pages

The Data Protection Act 1998 and the Freedom of Information Act 2000


For my module computing I have to find research and produce detailed
report on freedom of information and the need for security. The
information commissioner’s office enforces and oversees the Data
Protection Act 1998 and the Freedom of Information Act 2000.

I need to read and understand knowledge respecting private lives of
individuals and encourage the openness and accountability of public
authorities. In the report my aims and objectives will be to cover the
following aspects:

- What is Data Protection Act 1998 and identify and describe 8

- What is the Freedom Information Act 2000 and how does it build on
the Data Protection Act

- Privacy and Electronic Communication (EC Directive) Regulation 2003
came into force 11th December 2003. The Information Commissioner’s
office mission how does he intend the directive to operate to work in

The completion of the report needs to be produced and handed in by
Friday 30th April 2004.

Executive Summary

In this report It will cover all aspects of freedom if information and
the need of security covering the Data Protection Act 1998 and the
eight essential principles. By promoting good information handling
practice and enforcing data protection and freedom legislation and by
seeking the influences national and international thinking on privacy
of information on medical records.


1.0 What is Data Protection Act (1998), 8 essential principles?

Data is facts of any kind, whether in number or verbal form. Although
this is the correct explanation business people are inclined to use
the terms to mean numerate information only.

Data refers to facts and figures in their raw state, which have still
to be processed. If you carry out a survey to count the number of cars
and vans which pass your house each day, the number you write down are
the data.

Every computer should be aware of the Data Protection Act. Every
individual on a computer should register with Data Protection
Registrar. It is a criminal offence not to register and ignorance of
the law is no defence. Once registered, data users must comply with
the eight principles of the Data Protection Act (see below 1.1, Page

The Data Protection Act, organisations which hold such information
have to register with Data Protection and have to agree to levels of
accuracy and security. Exceptions to the registration rules include
data used in payroll programs, mailing lists, in accounting programs
or other records of purchase and sales and in word processing
documents. For example, it maybe information held about a loan that a
person has taken out as a check on their credit rating.

The act gives people the right to see personal file, for example one
held by a bank on a customer’s creditworthiness. In the Data
Protection Act 1998 it was updated legislation and gave employees the
right to see the personal files.

Organisations are only...

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