This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Dawes Act And Its Effect On Native Americans

1553 words - 7 pages

The Dawes Act had a negative impact on Native American culture due to the attempted assimilation into Euro-American culture by converting to Christianity, education administered by Christian Euro-Americans, and U.S. government regulation of selling and ownership of tribal land. Created in 1887, the act allowed the distribution of Native American tribal land. The act was amended twice, once in 1891 and again in 1906, which remained in effect until 1934.
On February 8, 1887, the United States Congress decided to pass the Dawes Act also known as the General Allotment Act. The Dawes Act was named after its writer Senator Henry Dawes of Massachusetts. The congressmen who sought to pass and ...view middle of the document...

The Dawes Act was made to influence the Native people to enjoy and lay down strong traditions in agriculture, in which it had almost the opposite effect. According to Leonard A. Carson, “Prior to allotment the tribes on closed reservations had a workable land tenure system” (Carson, 386). He also stated that they increased the amount of land worked by roughly 10% per year until the Dawes Act was put into place. Allotment during the Dawes Act allowed Indians to sell or lease their newly acquired land. Many Natives decided to lease their land, which lead to a dramatic decrease for resources devoted to farming and agriculture. This division of land and individualistic outlook on farming caused the Native American people to go down a path of destruction of their traditional way of life based on each individualized tribe. To improve the Dawes Act and to correct certain sections that would in turn give more power back to the United States Government, the US Congress passed the Burke Act. This act gave the power to the United States Secretary of Interior to determine if Native Americans were capable or competent of managing their land. If found competent, they were given a fee-simple title, which made their land available for taxation. Another power this gave the United States Secretary of Interior was the right to any land when the owner dies before the expiration of the trust period of 25 years stated by the Dawes Act. The Burke Act also prevented the Native Americans from becoming United States Citizens immediately. They could only become a US citizen after their twenty-five years trust period and when they fully became owners of the allotted land.
The Dawes Act was only applied to Indian reservations whenever it was advantageous for particular Indian groups. People believed that an allotment act would change the Indian way of life by giving them a reason to stay on their native land, begin cultivating practices, and adopt American practices and interests. White settlers also believed that Native Americans owned more land than they needed and wanted to see native land be used for American industries such as railroads and mining. According to the president during the policy era, if the quantity of reservation land exceeded the amount of land needed for allotment, the federal government was able to negotiate purchasing the land from the Indian tribes and sell it to whites. This practice resulted in 60 million acres of native land either given up or sold to the federal government as surplus lands (Indian Land Tenure Foundation, 2014). Worth noting is the fact that between 1887 and 1900, there were 56,168 American Indian allotments approved totaling only 5 million acres of land owned by Natives (Otis, 87).
Under the Dawes Act, land ownership for Natives was different from land ownership for non-Natives. As a general principle when the policy of allotment was in effect, non-Native peoples had the option to sell their land because they...

Find Another Essay On The Dawes Act and its Effect on Native Americans

On native Americans and blacks in America

759 words - 3 pages . For certain groups, this myth became a reality and a lifestyle, but for others; such as the blacks and the Native Americans, the myth was a lie.         America has always been a pluralistic society, broken into small groups with symbolic boundaries separating different sects. Positively, the pluralistic society allowed certain immigrant groups to remain affectionate and loyal to their ancestral religions and cultures, and also to

The effects of Eurpoeans on Native Americans

719 words - 3 pages Keith Parks, History 156, Essay 1, 9 Feb 2014 Effects of European settler on Native Americans The Europeans eventually came to dominate the land once held by the Native Americans through theft, disease and converting the natives to Christianity. First many times the Europeans had their own best interest in mind when they went to meet the natives. The Europeans such as Cortes had heard stories of gold and wanted to take the gold for themselves

Music and its Effect on the Mind

1525 words - 6 pages on getting the right song to relay this specific message to their audience, but how exactly do they know that what they are playing will even affect their listeners? Sensing sound starts in the ear. Human beings, as well as every other living creature capable of hearing, transform sound waves into an impulse in the nervous system. These sound waves hit the outer ear and act as a stimuli to the nerves in the ear, sending a signal to the brain of

Fracking and its Effect on the Environment

1500 words - 6 pages rising prices of fossil fuels, and there is much potential for recovering natural gas through fracking. However, fracking has many waste products and unusual side effects caused by the unnatural forces and materials used. Fracking has a detrimental effect on the surrounding environment through pollution and earthquakes. Fracking is the process of extracting natural gas from layers of shale rock deep within the earth. One of the world’s largest

The Relationship Between Oklahomans and Native Americans

4507 words - 18 pages had just landed on this territory and those who had occupied this territory for a long time now. However, that would all change after more time together. IV.) Helping in the War When the “white man” whom was fighting for America, whenever, America was fighting trying to gain its independence from Britain during the Revolutionary War the Native Americans helped them out tremendously. The nice treatment of the Native Americans toward

The Southeast Native Americans: Cherokees and Creeks

934 words - 4 pages The Native Americans of the southeast live in a variety of environments. The environments range from the southern Appalachian Mountains, to the Mississippi River valley, to the Louisiana and Alabama swamps, and the Florida wetlands. These environments were bountiful with various species of plant and animal life, enabling the Native American peoples to flourish. “Most of the Native Americans adopted large-scale agriculture after 900 A.D, and some

Native Americans And Treaties with the Government

3983 words - 16 pages perspective of the government, also providing facts of the events. Oklahoma State University Library. "INDIAN AFFAIRS: LAWS AND TREATIES." Digital Library Okstate. Accessed February 4, 2014. http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/sio0998.htm. On this website is the first Treaty of Fort Laramie stating all of its demands and requirements of the native peoples and the US government. Smithsonian Center for Education and Museum

The Impact of the Gold Rush on Native Americans and Mexican Americans (email me for the bibliography!)

2453 words - 10 pages Americans. The federal government declared an open extermination policy to eliminate Native Americans and "rid the west of these heathens," (Daniels 14). Natives had just been resettled into reserved spaces of land that stretched from the plains to the Black Hills of South Dakota. (Champagne and Trafzer 44) Many of the men traveling west had already dealt with hostile Indian tribes on the Plains and wanted nothing to get in their way of prosperity

Native Americans and Alcoholism

1940 words - 8 pages plagues the Native American population. The negative image of their culture that has been, and still is, perpetuated throughout history is only further tarnished by this epidemic. Prior to colonization by the Europeans, Native Americans were almost completely unaware of the existence, let alone the effects, of alcohol. They had not been subject to its harmful effects on their bodies, minds, or population as a whole. With them, Anglo-Saxon

European Perception on Native Americans

569 words - 2 pages Europeans began to unify as being "white."The changing perception of Indians also caused a change in how Europeans dealt with them. In the beginning, Europeans intermarried with them, and used teachers and missionaries to convert them to European culture and religion. Later, education ceased and Europeans moved to subjugate the Indians through displacement on reservations and by war/genocide.The Dawes Act of 1877 reverted back to assimilation of the

The Negative Impact on Native Americans Caused by Settlers

1073 words - 4 pages countless cases an area was colonized by brute force. Ailments and diseases previously unheard of to Native Americans multiplied through villages, killing people. Also, the Europeans furnished alcohol to the native people, which proved extremely destructive. Another long-term effect on colonization came through religion. It meant changes in the everyday life of the tribes as the English wanted the native people to dispose of their spiritual values

Similar Essays

A Very Precise, Indepth Report On The Dawes Act (General Allotment Act), Its Motives And Effects,Native Americans As Slave Owners, And Blacks As A Significant Element In The West

698 words - 3 pages The General Allotment Act, also known as the Dawes Act, named after Senator Henry Dawes, who wrote the act, is the legislation to which Thomas Sowell refers in his passage. The Dawes Act divided Native American reservations into small parcels for individual ownership by Native Americans. To the head of a family, 160 acres were given, 80 acres was given to any single person over the age of 18, and 80 acres were also given to any orphans under the

The Americans With Disabilities Act And Its Impact On Athletics

1921 words - 8 pages injunction that allowed him to remain at the University of Washington. Eventually, the Department and the NCAA entered into an agreement monitored by the Federal Court in which the NCAA agreed to change its policies and procedures for determining eligibility(Jones,2003).The case like this one, although not dealing with professional sports directly, shows the existing possibility to have positive applications of Americans with Disabilities Act on athletics

The Stamp Act And Its Diminishing Effect

1182 words - 5 pages . Moreover, the act produced this demise because it accelerated the careers of Patrick Henry and Samuel Adams, while leading to an utter despise for the creator of the act George Grenville and the regime in Britain. Finally and perhaps most important, the Stamp Act produced a domino effect which shaped the acts and the positions that produced the American Revolution. The relations between the colonists and Britain had not always been bad. In fact

Manifest Destiny And Its Negative Effect On The Native American Populations, Esp. Ca Indians (Cupenos And Nez Perce) And Their Placement Upon Reservations

933 words - 4 pages civilization of its native peoples was preordained.While the whites were occupying the land, they decimated the Indian population, causing many tribes to flee their relentless onward push, or try to compromise with treaties and agreements. One such tribe to fall victim to the white encroachment upon their territory was the Nez Perce of North Western Oregon. The Nez Perce agreed to an 1855 treaty that guaranteed the tribe most of their traditional homeland