This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Day Labor Market In Phoenix, Arizona

2834 words - 11 pages

The Day Labor Market in Phoenix, Arizona

This paper focuses on the Macehualli Day Labor Union located in Phoenix, Arizona in
the 85032 area.
Throughout the history of the United States, illegal immigrants have come from
all over the world to find work and a better way of life. It is estimated that right now
there are about seven million illegal aliens living in America. About 69% of these illegal
immigrants are Mexican and over 283,000 of them live in Arizona1. In this paper, we
presuppose that the illegal aliens we refer to are Mexican. This is because the aliens
living in the geographic area around the day labor center we examine are over 99%
Mexican (Reza, 2003, personal interview).
Many Mexicans risk everything they have, including their lives, in their attempts
to cross the border and live the “American Dream.” Most immigrants are motivated by
the lure of lucrative employment across the border. They come to this country with the
hope of finding a higher paying job. In most cases, the immigrants are young men who
leave their families behind, but intend to earn enough money to eventually bring their
loved ones across (Reza, 2003, personal interview).
Over the past three decades, the influx of illegal immigrants has become even
more noticeable (Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1999). In the year 2000,
unauthorized immigrants accounted for about 2.5% of the U.S. population2. These
immigrants’ illegal status is a serious obstacle in their search for employment. Almost all
employers require some proof of United States citizenship. For citizens and legal
immigrants, this is easily established through a driver’s license or state identification
card. Illegal workers, on the other hand, obviously cannot rely on these, and thus are
severely limited in the type of work they can find. This has created a large surplus of
immigrant labor—immigrants who are willing to work, but do not have the means to do it
Background of Day Labor
These circumstances have lead to the reemergence of a concept that has existed
for a long time: day labor. Day labor used to be geared more towards American citizens
looking for temporary jobs, but has now taken a new turn in order to fit the necessities of
illegal workers. Day labor is defined as “a practice of searching for work in open air,
informal markets such as street corners or in formal temp agencies” (“Work,” 307).
Under this type of labor, the undocumented immigrant is considered an independent
contractor or a temporary domestic worker, and therefore employers are not obliged to
ask for work authorization (“Work,” 325). Day labor is extremely beneficial to aliens in
that it allows immigrants to enter the work force without being required to have legal
immigration status.
There are two types of day labor industries: informal and formal. Informal day
labor consists mostly of men gathering on street corners or parking lots to solicit work. It

Find Another Essay On The Day Labor Market in Phoenix, Arizona

Outsourcing and the US Labor Market

1684 words - 7 pages What are the best ways for businesses to maximize profits? Businesses in the U.S. have answered this question with a very simple answer: make products overseas. This business tactic of using labor services from a third party is known as international outsourcing (Brecher 996). Within U.S. borders, there are certain regulations and restrictions on many aspects of the manufacturing process (Stephanie para 2). However, production is cheaper if

Recession's Effects on the Labor Market

1174 words - 5 pages economy of 10%. This is very costly economically because it represents a loss in the GDP. The classical theory analyzed by Pigou (1993) and Solow (1981) argues that the labor market consists of demand and supply of labor. The demand curve is a negative function of real wage in that if wages increase, the quantity demanded for labor will decline and the opposite is correct. Because one is employed does not mean that others are not unemployed

Racial Discrimination the U.S. Labor Market

2828 words - 11 pages . While most of the legislation is effective, discrimination in the workforce still exists today. This paper will focus on one major type of employment discrimination, racial discrimination. Unfortunately, racism existed in the past and still exists today in the labor market. Discrimination due to ancestry, physical characteristics, culture, and association are also considered types of racial discrimination. Racial discrimination in the workplace

Obesity, Wages, and the Labor Market

1731 words - 7 pages The recent obesity epidemic in the United States has wide-ranging implications, and as more literature further validates this phenomenon, we can observe obesity’s real effects on the nation’s level of health and labor market outcomes. Economically, obesity drains valuable resources from the nation’s healthcare budget, decreases worker productivity through an increased number of missed work days, and forces employers to spend more on their health

To what extent have changes in legislation achieved equality in the labor market? With reference to 'gender'?

2327 words - 9 pages To what extent have changes in legislation achieved equality in the labour market? With reference to 'gender'?In this essay I will be examining the concept of equal opportunities in relation to the diverse work force in Britain. This essay will develop a comprehension and recognition of the anti- discriminatory legislations, the implementation of this and the effectiveness of it within the labour market: it will also principally concentrate on

The Impact of Globalization on the Kenya Labor Market

969 words - 4 pages edge to enjoy tremendous market powers: monopoly or oligopoly on the supply side, and monopsony or oligopsony on the demand side (Blue Hippo).” Due to the inefficiency of the system it was even more difficult for Kenya to gain ground in the global economy and thus their economy became impaired which in turn negatively impacted the evolution of their labor market. Globalization To fully understand the impact of globalization on the Kenya labor

The effects of inflation on the labor market

799 words - 3 pages mutualism, the job market consists of all available positions available to all individuals sixteen years and above who are willing and able to work. In a deeper context the basic component of the job market is the minimum wage. The minimum wage is the lowest hourly salary that an employer is allowed to pay an employee for services rendered. The Federal Labor board sets the minimum hourly labor rates. The lowest hourly rates are decided by a

The Effect of Globalization on the Labor Market

2094 words - 8 pages across boundaries, and the most hostile to protecting labor and fragile markets. Protecting labor expresses itself not only in strong unions and workers' benefits but also in a strong social welfare system. The United States has purposefully moved toward weaker labor unions, as well as a weak and fragile social welfare system. It has used the globalization it advocates as justification for keeping workers' jobs insecure, pay and benefits relatively

Labor Unions in the Workplace

1614 words - 7 pages other factors or a consequence of combination of factors. Managers have continued to show their negativity towards labor unions because of differences in market composition and structures, changes in labor laws, organization size, differences in public policies, union philosophies, and the impacts of unions on wages (Campolieti, Gomez & Gunderson, 2013, p.100). Secondly, unions are seen as old-fashioned impediments to progress because many

Labor in the United States and Outsourcing

1158 words - 5 pages multitude of benefits through the outsourcing which has in turn created a number of employment opportunities along with it. When the stock market plummeted; companies began to discharge distress signals and corporations commenced labor cutbacks, as a result of which unemployment began to increase greatly. In times when the recession was reaching its peak, the only alternative was to look for cheap labor and outsourcing proved to be an option for

Child Labor Laws In The 1800's

1548 words - 6 pages payment of housing and food. Some children as young as five or six were forced to work from 13 to 16 hours a day. Social reformers as early as 1802 tried to obtain legislative restrictions against the worst parts of the child-labor system, but little happened and little was done even to enforce existing laws which limited work hours and establishing a minimum age for employment. Children were permitted to work in dangerous jobs such as mining

Similar Essays

An Analysis Of The Market Structure Of The Tourist Parking Lots In Nogales, Arizona

2136 words - 9 pages An Analysis of the Market Structure of the Tourist Parking Lots in Nogales, Arizona Introduction This paper focuses on the market for daily parking in a one mile radius of the Nogales, Arizona/Nogales, Mexico border. Traveling to a foreign country often requires numerous preparations, and months of planning; paying and waiting for a passport, booking a hotel, and airfare. Yet for the average United States citizen, the proximity to Mexico

"Labor Market Institutions And The Effect On The Labor Force."

4293 words - 17 pages Wilson Acevedo ECOB2000 Kevin Foster Term PaperLabor Market Institutions and the Effect on the Labor ForceLabor is defined as a "measure of the work done by human beings." In economics, the labor market seeks to explain or at least to understand some type of functioning relationship between employer (Labor Demand) and employees (Labor Supply). Therefore, the ultimately purpose for labor economics is to look at the suppliers of labor services

The Role Of Women In Society And Rise In The Labor Market

2183 words - 9 pages Society changes with time and the role of each integrant also changes. The role of women, for instance, has changed a lot over the years, from pre-history to the present day function of the female figure is changing more and more. Previously, the division of labor began to distinguish the role of men and women in society, mainly because of agricultural activity. In pre-capitalist stage the world of work and domestic world were similar and the

The State Of Medical Marijuana In Arizona

580 words - 3 pages The State of Medical Marijuana in Arizona Medicinal marijuana use continues to be a widely debated topic throughout America which has divided America’s professional and moral opinions on the matter. It has been proven to offer many benefits to patients who use it; however there are also side effects and civil obligations which need to be considered, as with any drug used for medication. States continue to weigh in on the possibility of