This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Death Of Alexander The Great

9924 words - 40 pages

In the year 324 BC, Alexander, on the way to Babylon, came to his traditional summer retreat of Ecbatana. There, he held a massive festival in honor of Dionysus in which it is believed up to 3,000 Greek performers were brought to provide entertainment. Night after night, lavish drinking parties ensued in which Alexander and Hephaestion, (his supposed alter ego) undoubtedly participated in. It was during this time of extravagant celebration that Hephaestion became ill and contracted a high fever. Hephaestion's physician Glaucias put him on a strict diet and monitored his health. At first, this appeared to be working until on the seventh day of Hephaestion's illness, Glaucias went to the theater and Hephaestion decided to ignore the physician's advice. Hephaestion proceeded to eat a whole chicken and drank a half-gallon of chilled wine at breakfast. He died shortly thereafter. When Alexander was told of Hephaestion's illness, he rushed to be with him but Hephaestion had already passed away.

Alexander was now devastated by this loss. Arrian states that "for two days after Hephaestion's death, Alexander tasted no food and took no care of his body..." (7.14.8). It is widely believed that Alexander had Glaucias executed, blaming him for Hephaestion's sudden demise. Alexander was also believed to have razed the temple of Asclepius, the god of healing. Alexander's grief at Hephaestion's death had no limits (Plutarch, 72.3). Plutarch writes: "Moreover, making war a solace for his grief, he went forth to hunt and track down men, as it were, and overwhelmed the nation of the Cossaeans, slaughtering them all from the youth upwards. This was called an offering to the shade of Hephaestion (72.4).

An enormous sum of at least ten thousand talents was spent on Hephaestion's funeral. It is said that the king cut his hair for Hephaestion as a homage to Achilles, (as Achilles had done so for his companion Patroclus). Hephaestion, being Commander of the Companion Cavalry, had his post retired, as no man was ever officially appointed to take his place.. Alexander, then sent envoys to the Siwah, to the oracle of Ammon, to inquire if Hephaestion should be worshipped as a god. The oracle refused permission but allowed the sacrifice appropriate to a hero to be offered to Hephaestion. Arrian says .".the death of Hephaestion had proved a great misfortune to Alexander himself, and Alexander, I believe, would have preferred to have gone first himself rather than experience it during his lifetime" (7.16.8).

Both Arrian and Plutarch site the Royal Journal as their trusted source on the days leading to Alexander's death. On May 29, 323 BC, while holding a banquet for his admiral Nearchus, he was approached by his trusted friend Medius who invited him to a late party. There, they engaged in heavy drinking. On the 30th, he dined with Medius and drank heavily once more. Feeling that a bit feverish, he slept in the bathing house that night to cool...

Find Another Essay On The Death of Alexander the Great

The Life & Times of Alexander the Great

1517 words - 6 pages Alexander the GreatThe story of Alexander the Great is one of courage, genius, and great accomplishment;but it is also somewhat of abittersweet one, ending with his tragic death during the prime of his life, at thirty-two.Alexander was born to Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, his principal wife, in 356 BCE,mpic Games. Just three years earlier, Philip had ascended to thethrone after the death of his olderbrother, Perdikkas1, and named the city of

Alexander the Great - The battle of Hydapes

1300 words - 5 pages Porus' cavalry and used infantry to take out the elephants. Alexander used his strength against Porus' weakness, which also shown Alexander's clever mind game in the war. In conclusion, Alexander interpreted the strength and weakness of both sides and made crucial tactical decisions. And these tactics are the main reason for Alexander succeeded in the battle.Alexander was the commander of the Macedonian and he had the elements of a great commander

The Campaign of Alexander the Great

1938 words - 8 pages his political ideology that propaganda could strengthen his rule and enhance his status. Alexander the Great started to develop a new Political Ideology which was his ‘Policy of Fusion.’ He believed that is was his job to unite all races and religions into one empire that exist in peace and harmony. He was going to make all people unified under his rule and the Great King. His war of revenge was abolished as he no longer wanted to replace the

Alexander the Great: King of the World

590 words - 2 pages document #5, we see how quickly Islam spread due to cultural diffusion. Islam spread thousands of squad miles in about 100 years. The only way that this would have been possible, would be if cultures were spread. The rapid spread of Islam still has effects on the world today. Islam is still a major religion in Europe and is practiced by millions of people worldwide.Another great effect of the spread of cultures is the ability to trade with allies

Alexander The Great

858 words - 4 pages Bonaparte and many others. Alexander also left the legacy of being known even 2000 years after his death. Works Cited

Alexander the Great

1377 words - 6 pages Alexander the Great In the ancient world there have been several leaders that brought immense glory to their empires but there was one particular leader that marked his legacy on much of the known world at that time. He was Alexander the Great: King of Macedonia, Pharaoh of Egypt and Lord of Persia. Alexander had become the King of Macedonia in 336 BC after his father’s assassination. He led his army to victories across the Persian

Alexander the Great

1166 words - 5 pages Alexander was known as a military genius of his time. The legacy he left behind is still being used this very day. Though his road to a successful one world government was short-lived, the impact he made will stand the test of time. Many leaders after him have tried to complete what Alexander set out to do and could not even come close. But what made Alexander the Great so different? What separated him from all the other dictators? What

Alexander The Great

1027 words - 4 pages Alexander the Great is, arguably, the most famous secular figure in history. His magnetism in life was rivaled only by his magnetism in death, and the story of his career has evoked vastly different interpretations in his age and ours. Young romantic hero or megalomaniac villain? Alexander III of Macedon conquered all who stood before him, but usually in order to free the lower class. He did more to spread the Hellenistic culture than anyone

Alexander the Great

1604 words - 6 pages guaranteed immortal fame even at the cost of an early death. Unlike Achilles, who was subordinate to the great king Agamemnon, it was Alexander who was in charge, and it was his personality that kept his army on the march while holding together domains that were very diverse geographically and culturally.” Alexander successfully conquered miles of territory, alas, never fully conquered his father’s love or full approval. King Philip was

Alexander The Great

1408 words - 6 pages Alexander the Great and His Achievements Alexander the Great was the king of Macedon. Alexander of Macedon, or ancient Mecadonia, deserves to be called the Great. Alexander the Great was considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all times. He was an excellent king, general, and conqueror. During his thirteen-year rule he conquered almost all the then known world and gave a new direction to history. He had established an empire after

Alexander the Great

2587 words - 10 pages Alexander the Great Born Late July 356 BC in Pella, Macedonia Died June,10 323 BC in The Palace of Nabukodonossor, Babylon Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon, (Alexander the Great, Alexander III of Macedon), King of Macedonia, was born in July 356 BC in Pella, Macedonia. He was one of the greatest military geniuses in history. His father, Philip II of Macedon, was a brilliant ruler and strategist. His mother was Olympias, princess of

Similar Essays

Life Of Alexander The Great. From Birth To Death, This Essay Covers It All. Many Little Known Facts Did You Know That Alexander The Great Was Gay? Even Has A Works Cited!

1698 words - 7 pages Alexander The GreatAlexander became a new king of Macedonia on an unsteady throne able to conquer the Persian Empire, and was one of the greatest military geniuses this world has ever seen. He ventured farther and won more battles than any conqueror before him. He is forever known as Alexander the Great (Greece page 192).Alexander was born in 356 BC in Pella, capital of Macedonia. His father was Philip II. Philip was the brother of King

The Shaping Of Alexander The Great

759 words - 4 pages In the novel, Fire From Heaven, Mary Renault gives her personal depiction of what the childhood and pre-adolescent time of Alexander the Great’s life might have been like. In doing this, Renault reveals that Alexander’s personality was shaped by many outside forces. His destiny, after the death of his father, was to continue what his father had started. Alexander wanted to conquer the Persian Empire. Alexander’s destiny was shaped by the nurture

The Conquests Of Alexander The Great

2866 words - 11 pages , and at sixteen he was left as regent of Macedonia. Although Alexander did not have a great amount of experience, he was able to control the rebellious Maedi, a Thracian tribe. Alexander immediately captured their capital city and exiled its inhabitants. He created a new colony in their region and called the capital city Alexandropolis.Many expected that Alexander would inherit the throne after his father's death, however, in 339 BC, Philip II

The Life Of Alexander The Great

714 words - 3 pages Alexander the Great There in the city of Pella Macedonia lays a young captor named Alexander the Great. He was a great horror to the Persians as he destroyed them for revenge of the destruction of Athens. In his life time he destroyed, conquered, and gained power of the nations around him. As it started getting better, things took a turn for the worse. As he crumpled up, his kingdom did as well. Alexander the Great was a ruler, fighter, and a