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The Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research

1280 words - 5 pages

                Many diseases in the world today that don't have cures, however the people inflicted with the diseases desperately need cures.  Many radical scientific experiments have been used in the past to try and help cure these diseases, but it is very hard for scientists to find cures without trying new kinds of experimentation.  Science is an area that's ideas are often considered to be unethical. One of the most controversial experiments is stem cell research.  The reason stem cell research is so controversial is because it is said that research plays with human life which many consider unethical.  It is an idea that must be considered in order for stem cell research to continue, but just because it has been said to be unethically playing with human life, doesn't mean that it is.  Stem cell research is ethical because it can help replace bad tissue, cure diseases, and help scientists understand how the human body works.
            Stem cell research is a breakthrough discovery that has only been around for a short time.  Stem cells are derived from human embryos, and studies of these give scientists information about the development of humans.  The primary goal in this research is to identify how undifferentiated stem cells become differentiated.  A differentiated stem cell is specialized cell that a scientist as made a change to give it a different character.  Basically, it's finding out how to turn certain genes on and off.  Diseases such as cancer and birth defects are caused by abnormal cell division and differentiation.  The idea is to find how diseases come about and find new ways of treating them.  This can only be done by looking and understanding stem cells.  By understanding stem cells, scientists can begin to understand how human bodies work.  Also, stem cell research can be used to test new drugs and help people who need organ transplants by replacing bad tissue and muscle cells.  Scientists go about this by taking stem cells and fusing them through a catheter in the area where it is needed.  Stem cell research can potentially save a lot of lives, but not without extensive research.  The problem with this is that the government has to approve of the research to fund these kinds of experiments, and this can cost a lot of money.  Sure, some people will donate a lot of money, but this takes more money than would be possible to accumulate without the government's help.  Therefore, the only ethical course that the government can take is to fund stem cell research.
                Stem cell research is doing big things for reproducing tissue and replacement cells.  These breakthroughs can help many people in need of organ transplants.  Many more people in this world that need organ transplants than there are donors to fulfill their needs.  By replacing tissue and cells in weak spots with stem cells, organs can be repaired and brought back to a point where they are working properly.  Also, there is a new therapy for cardiac...

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