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The Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research

1561 words - 6 pages

Over the past few decades, the subject of stem cell research has been the topic of debates around the world. In the blink of an eye, clones, perfect children, and immortality are no longer a myth told by elders around campfires. Through various techniques, scientists are able to better the lives of those living, but at what cost? In their articles “Cloning Human Beings: An Assessment of Pro and Con,” by author Dan W. Brock; “The Ethical Implications of Guman Cloning,” by Michael J. Sandel; “Theriputic Human Cloning Is Ethical,” by Ian Wilmut and Roger Highfield; and various other articles, each author discusses his or her view on the morality of stem cell research and its use for human cloning. Kantian deontology is defined as treating the individual as more than a means for an end. (Hinman 23). In other words, people ought to act in a way as to not violate the individual’s rights and to treat him or her respectfully. Though the cost may be great, the use of human stem cell research in the growing world of science would be beneficial so long as certain moral guidelines were put in place to limit the abuse of technologies and only allow said procedures to take place when they do not violate the autonomy of a human being.
The use of stem cell research and cloning to personalize the medical world would allow doctors to more accurately treat sickness and disease in each individual. As World Health Organization introduces in their section on the justifications of nonreproductive cloning: “Scientists engaged in cloning for research argue that it presents a unique method for studying genetic changes in cells derived from patients suffering from such diseases as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and diabetes” (WHO 129). Genetic differences in diseased patients can be traced and linked together through the use of stem cells and can then be interpreted for a cure. Through this, doctors will be able to create more personalized medicine that attains to each individual and reduces the risk of complication. In addition, in his section on cloning for medical treatments, Highfield states, “One day doctors will be able to use cloning to grow a patient’s own cells and tissues and tissues to carry out repairs” (Highfield 163). No longer will patients have to wait in hope that a donor will become available for their damaged organ. Doctors will be able to grow the perfect organ matched for the individual, eliminating the chance of rejection, and alleviating the struggle many transplant patients face with rejection medication. While cloning organs and tissues to repair the body would be beneficial in the medical world, doctors must be careful not to let the power slip into the wrong hands.
Some extremists of stem cell research argue that with the ability to clone new life, one is capable of achieving immortality. Author Hayry states in his section “Considerable Life Extension and the Meaning of Life” that, “Three factors contribute to human...

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