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The Debate On Abortion Laws In The United States

1562 words - 7 pages

There are always a number of heated debates within the United States. These debates area always a hot topic and very controversial issues. Due to how controversial they are is why they become such largely debated topics with many people having very different views on the specific topic. For example there is a Democratic and Republican party in the United States people either stick with one side or the other due to their beliefs and sometimes can be neutral or on the other party’s side for certain topics. Abortion is a very controversial topic as it always has been all around the country but more specifically in the United States. There are two sides to the debate those who believe ...view middle of the document...

” Therefore in Europe and Great Britain and of course many other countries abortion was looked at in a very negative way and the women who got abortions were perpetrators. For example in an article titled Attitudes to Abortion in the Era of Reform: evidence from the Abortion Law by Emma L. Jones says, “Abortion was illegal in Britain under the 1861 Offences against the person act. Any person, including the pregnant woman herself found guilty of attempting to procure abortion was liable to receive maximum penalty of life imprisonment.” Along with other countries the United States saw abortion as a wrong doings in the past. In the past before the 1800’s the United States did in fact allow abortions until of course laws were set in. This movement from abortion being legal to becoming illegal happened in the late 1800’s stated in an article titled History of Abortion from a website named National Abortion Federation. Also in this article it is mentioned that abortion was outlawed in different states for many reasons. Due to abortion being illegal in most states many women tried to have self-induced abortions which caused them many health problems. In the same article History of Abortion it says, “ Between 1967 and 1973 one-third of the states liberalized or repealed their criminal abortion laws.” For over 100 years abortion was illegal in every state and finally about forty-four years ago it was barely being made legal again.
Additionally, the case of Roe vs. Wade was a pivotal moment in history changing the laws of abortion. In the year of 1973 a woman by the last name of Roe challenged the constitutionality of the abortion laws in the state she lived in which was Texas. This law in Texas was basically that abortion was illegal unless the procedure was to be done to save the woman giving birth. On the other side was the Defendant known as the District Attorney Wade. When the woman questioned the constitutionality of the law the question appeared as the following in the case brief summary titled Roe V. Wade—Case Brief Summary, “ Does the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution protect the right to privacy, including the right to obtain abortion?” The answer to this in the ruling of the case was, “Yes. The Due Process Clause protects the right to privacy, including a woman’s right to terminate her pregnancy, against state action.” That was the ruling of the case Roe won and Wade lost this reversed the laws in all the states from abortion being illegal to it being legal in every state.

Next, there is a group of people who believe in pro-choice which means they believe that the woman should have the choice to abort the child or not. These people are those who believe that the Roe V. Wade decision was a good choice. However, a large percentage 60% of the population is pro-choice and 40% support the other side. Obviously those who believe in pro-choice believe that it should be the woman’s right to abortion...

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