The Debate Over The Numbers Repressed Under Stalin And It's Relevance To Totalitarian Theory.

1655 words - 7 pages

There have been have many fundamental debates over the numbers repressed under Stalin and whether it was higher or lower than the numbers repressed under fascist Nazi Germany, including Hitler, much literature covers all sides of this debate. The debate over the facts are highly argued as many factors including the apparent decision to lock away the facts for more than half a century have impacted on the reporting and accuracy of these facts. The debate has arisen over a culmination of different parameters over a period of time and different interests involved which has led to distortions over the specific archival facts of the repression.To cover this question over the numbers repressed and it's relevance to the totalitarian theory there must be a thorough understanding of these texts; Victims of Stalinism: A comment, Conquest, Robert, Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 49, (Nov 1997), 1317-1319, The Scale and Nature of German and Soviet Repression and mass killings, 1930-45, Wheatcroft, Stephen, Europe-Asia studies Vol. 48, No. 8, (Dec 1996), 1319-1353, Culture and Politics under Stalin: A Reappraisal, Fitzpatrick Sheila, Slavic Review, Vol 35, no. 2 (Jun., 1976), 211-231.Wheatcroft in his report on the mass killings in the Soviet union has emphasised that repression should be held in a broader context, including all mass killings 'repression is the broader concept, and although in common Russian usage will include all mass killings' (1320:1996, Wheatcroft). However Wheatcroft does not believe that the numbers repressed under Stalin were greater than those repressed under Hitler. 'I think Majer and Kershaw have been misled by Conquest and others into accepting that Stalin's regime killed many more people than Hitler's" (1323:1996 Wheatcroft). There seems to be a bitter intellectual feud between Wheatcroft and Conquest over these facts.Wheatcroft, sees Majer's estimate on Soviet repression as the authority on the debate over the numbers 'Majer is one of the few authors that has attempted to be more precise in defining what he is referring to and I will present what I believe is the currently generally accepted position" (1321:1996, Wheatcroft). So he outlines a report over the actual numerical data. Majer believes 7 million have died from the effects of collectivisation during 1932-33 'death of class enemies (kulaks) during and as a result of collectivisation and famine' (1321:1996, Wheatcroft). Majer's opinion on the purges goes as far as 7-8 million, a bold assessment indeed, he portrays that during 1937-39 and suggests that 1 million may have been sentenced to death 'Political Purges: 1937-39: 7-8 million arrested, with perhaps 1 million of these sentenced to death executed in prison or later in camps. Perhaps 12 million deaths in camps from mistreatment and hardship' (1321:1996, Wheatcroft). The general tread in ambiguity seems to escalate onwards, Majer's statistics seem well founded but vague in conviction, his estimated total amount of deaths...

Find Another Essay On The debate over the numbers repressed under Stalin and it's relevance to totalitarian theory.

The Debate Over Vaccination Essay

732 words - 3 pages “Immunization Is a Question of Science, Not Faith: How I Evaluated the Immunization ‘Debate’ “, by Chanda Cooper-Warren. Her article appears on the website, and is written with the authority of a concerned mother without any medical credentials listed. Warren believed that, “A medical issue should be judged by science”, and any claim on the subject had to be based on valid scientific data from a reputable source (Cooper-Warren

The Debate Over Obamacare Essay

1202 words - 5 pages president Bill Clinton stated that he "personally believe[s], even if it takes a change to the law, the president should honor the commitment the federal government made to those people and let them keep what they got" (Fox News). Overall the healthcare plan is complicated system, it reforms the health insurance industry and the American health care system as a whole. The law contains over a thousand pages of provisions that give Americans more

The Debate with "Under God"

1641 words - 7 pages separation between church and state (qtd. In Meacham 1). Taking the Pledge out of schools or taking out “under God” in the Pledge of Allegiance is equivalent to rewriting history. In court rooms, we still say God, and on U.S. currency we have “In God We Trust”. So why do we have the heated debate over the Pledge of Allegiance being in schools? Everyone should have the right to recite the Pledge of Allegiance if they choose. Because everyone has a

The Origins of Totalitarian Democracy, Political Theory and Practice during the French Revolution and beyond

1577 words - 6 pages There are different attitudes towards politics The Origins of Totalitarian Democracy, Political Theory and Practice during the French Revolution and beyond J.L Talmon The author, Talmon, states that there are different democracy attitudes towards politics. The liberal approach assumes politics to reach through a matter of trial and error a state of ideal harmony, and the totalitarian

Human’s Attempt to Overrule God: The Debate Over Euthanasia

1836 words - 7 pages else was stated in an article in The Economist in 2012 (Easing Death; Assisted Suicide 1). Conclusion “For everything there is a season, and a time for every matter under heaven: a time to be born, and a time to die…” (Ecc. 3:1-2). The Bible clearly states that the time is appointed not chosen. This ongoing moral and ethical debate over euthanasia is a way out of suffering but is indeed a form of murder. The role of a physician is to promote a

The Debate Over Capital Punishment

1439 words - 6 pages For many year, the death penalty has been widely debated throughout the United States. We as a country are divided on this topic; half believing it is unjust, unconstitutional, inhumane, and cruel. The other half believing it is morally just and constitutional. Those thinking it is cruel want capital punishment abolished. The others want to see it revised and maintained. Capital punishment is being sentenced to death and executed for

The Debate Over CEO Compensation

1779 words - 7 pages This paper will discuss the reasons why CEOs are not being overpaid. It will apply the utilitarian ethical principle to many a few aspects to CEO compensation and whether or not it is justifiable for such pay. The paper will look at whether or not their performance is justifiable for the pay because they play such a big role in the livelihood of the company along with the principle agency theory and how it is being addressed for the benefit of

The Debate Over School Uniforms

937 words - 4 pages The Debate Over School Uniforms Context In some countries, e.g. Britain and many Caribbean states, it is common for school pupils to have to wear distinctive uniforms identifying them with a particular institution, especially to the end of compulsory education at 16. In others, e.g. France, the USA, it is rare for uniforms to be worn, although some private schools may retain them. In both situations the

The Debate Over Gay Marriage

2034 words - 8 pages must be protected. Marriage is a secular activity; the government cannot start making laws just because religion says they should. The argument hits home directly accusing the states of violating the group’s First Amendment rights of the gay population. If the federal government would back out of this debate, then homosexual marriages could blossom. They feel that the federal government has over stepped its bounds, allowing the states to uphold

The Debate Over Dental Amalgam

1443 words - 6 pages Dental amalgams are a great material that provided major leaps in the world of dentistry. While being such a major advance they have also became an issue of great debate. The mercury in dental fillings has been thought to cause central nervous system complications, an overall diminished well-being in some patients, and Alzheimer. The dental field should incorporate safer filling materials for patients. In this article we will take a look at the

The Debate Over Capital Punishment

1944 words - 8 pages over time, also after the inmate turns 55 the cost is a fourth of what a death penalty case costs. Taxpayers already have to pay taxes to support social security, supplemental incomes, unemployment, State and Federal taxes, as well as taxes for certain items that can be purchased. The offender does not think about the cost. They simply want to meet their goal and deal with the punishment later. In fact 88% of the nation's top criminologists

Similar Essays

The Debate Over Euthanasia Essay

1282 words - 5 pages The Debate Over Euthanasia The controversy over euthanasia has recently become highly publicized. However, this issue is not a new debate. Society has voiced its opinions on the subject for hundreds of years. Euthanasia, which is Greek for "good death", refers to the act of ending another person’s life in order to end their suffering and pain.1 Two forms, passive and active euthanasia, categorize the actions taken to end the person’s life

The Debate Over Homeschooling Essay

2331 words - 10 pages     There has always been a debate on whether children should be forced to go to public school or have the choice to attend homeschool. This debate has been around because many educators find that homeschooling is a lazy way out of learning, while other people argue that homeschooling is a great way to learn specifically for those who are sick with diseases like cancer and sickle cell or who learn better in a private environment rather than

Debate Over The Nephilim Essay

2680 words - 11 pages them.”(Numbers 13:33) Genesis and Numbers are the only two books in the Bible where the Nephilim are mentioned. This is why the topic over the Nephilim has been misinterpreted and most of the time confusing to many people. Realizing how the Nephilim came into existence can ne helpful when understanding how they contributed to people’s beliefs of demi gods, and how they might have changed history due to their exceptional characteristics. The lack

The Debate Over Abortion Essay

2024 words - 8 pages With the ongoing debate and the advancement of technology in determining the viability of a fetus, abortion, the ending of a pregnancy by removing a fertilized egg, has become increasingly controversial. The morality of abortion has caused many to separate into opposite sides of the spectrum, pro-life and pro-choice. The arguments over abortion has stirred a continuous debate between a pro-choice stance such as that presented by the analogical