The Debate Over Palestine: Is It A State?

1019 words - 4 pages

“There is no such thing as a Palestinian.” Stated former Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir after three fourths of one million Palestinians had been made refugees, over five hundred towns and cities had been obliterated, and a new regional map was drawn. Every vestige of the Palestinian culture was to be erased. Resolution 181, adopted in 1947 by the United Nations declared the end of British rule over Palestine (the region between the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River) and it divided the area into two parts; a state for the Jewish and one for the Arab people, Palestine. While Israel was given statehood, Palestine was not. Since 1947, one of the most controversial issues in the Middle East, and of course the world, is the question of a Palestinian state. Because of what seems a simple question, there have been regional wars among Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq, terrorist attacks that happen, sometimes daily, displacement of families from their homes, and growing numbers of people living in poverty. Granting Palestinian statehood would significantly reduce, or alleviate, tensions in the Middle East by defining, once and for all, the area that should be Palestine and eliminating the bloodshed and battles that has been going on for many years over this land.
Palestine (and Israel) is a small area in the Middle East that is on the coastline of the Mediterranean Sea and borders the nations of Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. On May 14, 1948, the state of Israel was declared by the Jewish Peoples council. Following this act, the Arab people of the surrounding countries attacked the new Israeli state. However Israel prevailed, and took almost all of the land previously designated to be Palestine. Over the years, the two groups fought many more times, and Israel gained full control of the Palestinian territories, which included the Gaza Strip, and West Bank. Because Israel now controls most of these areas, the Palestinian people consider themselves to be living in occupied territory. They were not citizens of Israel or any other nation. A war known as the Six-Day War, which was conducted by General Moshe Dayan, the Minister of Israeli Defense, was fought between June fifth and June tenth of the year 1967. Minister Dayan chose to lead a campaign against Egypt, Jordan, and Syria because the Israelis were afraid of the Egyptian troops lined up at the Suez region’s borders and did not want to be attacked first. This war was a disaster for the Arab world and temporarily weakened the man who was seen as the leader of the Arabs – Gamal Abdul Nasser of Egypt (Trueman).
To the people of Palestine this issue will either give them freedom or they will be bound to being just an observer state. Since 1993, parts of the territories including the Gaza Strip and West Bank came under political jurisdiction of the Palestinian national Authority, which was the...

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