The Decline And Fall Of The Romanov Dynasty

1465 words - 6 pages

Nicholas II came to the throne during an arduous time in Russian history. It was a combination of factors, including his political ineptitude that led to the fall of the Romanov dynasty and eventually cost Nicholas II, the Tsarina Alexandra and their five children their lives. Russia was late in modernising, partly due to the Tsar?s lack of reforms, and was behind Britain, France and the United States. Russia was also slow to emerge from feudalism, and was undergoing difficulty as industrial and agricultural production declined. Additionally, Russia was not socially advanced, as the peasants and working class had an extremely low standard of living, while the Royal Family lived a life of luxury. Politically, Russia was behind as there were no legal political parties, and the people had absolutely no power. The final event that pushed revolution to where it could not return from was World War I, which inflicted serious pain on Russia.Tsar Nicholas II succeeded in making a bad situation in Russia even worse. He became a leader at a difficult time, and could never stop the process of revolution. The Tsar was not a good leader, and was out of touch with the Russian people. He was also weak and indecisive, and extremely stubborn. Nicholas II was not equipped to effectively rule a country the size of Russia, and with a vast variety of people with different language, religion, race and culture. Additionally, Nicholas II was mainly concerned with family issues, instead of being concerned with political issues. It was these traits in Nicholas II?s personality that hindered him in being able to attempt to steer Russia away from revolution.The seeds of revolution had been sowed before Nicholas II came to the throne. The Russian people had wanted changes for a long time. Most of the people wanted a constitutional monarchy, such as Britain. They wanted the Tsar?s powers to be limited but still wanted the Tsar to stay as a figurehead. Nicholas II though, was stubborn and a firm believer in autocracy. He was determined to pass down the power that his father had given to him to his son. Nicholas? stubbornness is shown in the quote ?I shall maintain the principal of autocracy just as firmly and unflinchingly as it was preserved by my unforgettable dead father?(Nicholas and Alexandra, Robert K. Massie). Nicholas II believed as most autocrats do that it was by the divine influence of God that he was Tsar, and no one could take it away from him. He also believed he was in God?s hands, and that God inspired all of his actions.The real starting point of the revolution was on January 22nd, 1905. This day was to become known as Bloody Sunday, the day when protesters were killed as they marched peacefully to the Winter Palace. The factory workers marched toward the palace with petitions pleading for better conditions for the workers as factory owners were exploiting them. The workers seemed to be loyal to the Tsar as they were appealing to him to help them, which showed...

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