The Decline Of Congress In Uttar Pradesh

1510 words - 6 pages

CHALLENGE TO CONGRESS DOMINANCE: FROM 1967 to 1977

In 1967 elections, the Congress party’s performance dipped ever further. The steady decline that the party saw over the past three elections continued to haunt them and this time it challenged the party’s supremacy in the state. The Congress could only win 199 seats in the state assembly elections and for the first time their seat share from Uttar Pradesh in the Lok Sabha dropped below 50. The Congress won 48 seats from Uttar Pradesh. There were many reasons behind this bad performance. To begin with, the death of Jawahar Lal Nehru and Lal Bahadur Shastri, two of the biggest Congress figures of that time had a major part to play in their decline. Moreover, both of them belonged to Uttar Pradesh and with them gone, the party had an internal crisis with both Morarji Desai and Indira Gandhi wanting to become the Prime Minister. The other causes for Congress’ poor performance in 1967 included the failure of the monsoons in 1965 and 1966 and the subsequent hardship throughout northern and eastern India. It was also due to the currency devaluation in 1966 which was quite unpopular.

In the state, Congress was able to gain a bare majority in the State Assembly but Charan Singh who was one of the most popular leaders of the state decided to leave the Congress with his supporters. He formed another party called the Bhartiya Kranti Dal in 1967. In 1967, Charan Singh became the Chief Minister of the state through the help of the opposition parties. However, Charan Singh became the successor to C. B. Gupta who was the Chief Minister for a brief one-month period. Charan Singh, an open critic of Jawahar Lal Nehru’s Soviet Union like policies with the help of Raj Narain and Ram Manohar Lohia, became the Chief Minister. His tenure only lasted for less than a year before presidential rule was applied to the state. After president’s rule, C. B. Gupta again became the Chief Minister of the state as Congress won 211 seats in the the 1969 elections. Charan Singh whose party had won 98 seats in the 1969 elections formed another coalition government with the help of the opposition parties in 1970 and ended C. B. Gupta’s third and final tenure as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

This was also the time when the electorate in Uttar Pradesh was also growing rapidly. A lot of new voters emerged during this time. These new voters had only seen the last few years of India’s independence struggle. They were less grateful to the INC for its part in the independence struggle as compared to those who voted for INC on those lines.

Various social and economic issues produced several political movements in the state and these political movements resulted in the formation of several factions across the electorate of the state as well. New political interests led to the formation of new political parties who found support from various factions of the voters. There was constant in-fighting among the party members. These...

Find Another Essay On The Decline of Congress in Uttar Pradesh

The Emancipation of Congress Essay

1456 words - 6 pages Our elected officials are sent to Washington to represent the people. In the case of the house they are there to represent the people of a certain district. Senators are supposed to represent citizens of a certain state. They currently have no limits on how long they can serve. There are many faces in Congress that have been there for over 20 years. I intend to explain why having the same people hold the same office is not healthy for the

The Decline of Family in Modern Britain

1462 words - 6 pages The Decline of Family in Modern Britain Family- “a group of people who are related to each other such as a mother, a father and their children “(Cambridge Dictionaries Online, Cambridge University Press (2008)), Is this the view of a family in 2008, clearly it could be said that this definition is somewhat outdated but does it point to the family being in decline? In Britain today the family has certainly

The Decline of Self-image in Women

1217 words - 5 pages dissatisfaction with their internal body image. The decline of self-image in women can be directly linked to several contributing factors including: film and print advertising, social media, and the early exposure of adolescent girls to overly-sexualized products and media. “Sex sells” is an aphorism closely adhered to by both the film and print advertising industries. For over a century, magazines, newspapers, film, and other advertising mediums have

The Decline of Morality in Schools

1267 words - 5 pages fostered by the decline of morality as a whole in society today. Dr. Thomas Plante (2012), a professor of psychology laments, “I don't know about you but I'm amazed at what seems to be considered as acceptable behavior out there...a lack of polite civility often rules the day. This has been true for a long time but it appears to be getting worse...perhaps much worse.” The definition of “morality” as well as whether or not schools are encroaching

The Decline of Boxing in America

3852 words - 15 pages hole in the membrane separating the two halves of his brain. Furthermore, Ali also showed significant damage to his brain stem, which results in a decline in motor skills. Numerous physicians released statements saying they believed the damage to the brain stem and the membrane was directly caused by Ali’s boxing career (Medina). Brain injury isn’t exclusive to just Muhammad Ali. Around 20 percent of professional boxers have been associated

The Decline of Auto Purchases in 2008

1433 words - 6 pages In 2008, an absolute indication of a recession was the decline in auto buying, insurance companies requiring assistance, retail stores closing with massive lay-offs stemming from these markets. As a result, these individuals now unemployed were unable to pay their monthly mortgage payments which resulted in home foreclosures. A foreclosure is legal proceeding that bars or extinguishes a mortgagor’s right of redeeming a mortgaged estate

The Decline of Education in America

3465 words - 14 pages High Achievement," we concluded that some small progress has been made but certainly not in proportion to the amount of rhetoric, experimentation, and resources that have been expended on the cause. Data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress and other sources show that the reforms of the 1980s so far have done little more than reverse the steep decline in student achievement experienced in the 1960s and 1970s. Overall, the

The Roles of Congress In World Wars I and II

1444 words - 6 pages to prepare for war, should the U.S be pulled in somehow. When it was forced to go to war, a strategy for success in the war needed to be thought out. For these reasons, Congress played a significant role in the war. This importance of Congress was also proved by its role in World War II. Congress’s actions, including the passing of draft acts, preparation acts, war protection acts, and acts to ensure post-war prosperity during World War I and

To what extent do foreign retailers affect the revenues of local grocery retailers in Indore, Madhya Pradesh?

2435 words - 10 pages EXTENDED ESSAY To what extent do foreign retailers affect the revenues of local grocery retailers in Indore, Madhya Pradesh?   Research Question: To what extent do foreign retailers affect the revenues of local grocery retailers in Indore, Madhya Pradesh? Methodology: Primary Research: In order to begin with my research, a market survey will be conducted. Questionnaires will be given to both consumers as well as producers. A sample

The decline of fatherhood

879 words - 4 pages The Decline of Fatherhood David Popenoe's "The Decline of Fatherhood" discusses the rapid decay of our children due to the loss of male parenting. Popenoe's use of logos and ethos are efficient in the context of the paper to relate the behavior of present day children due to the growing absence of fatherly figures. The author, however, uses very little if any emotional appeal; but because of the nature and direction of the writing, the

The Decline of Feudalism

1635 words - 7 pages feudalism.( http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/black-death.htm) As you can see, the decline of feudalism was caused by the Crusades, the merchant class, Thomas Becket, the Magna Carta, the Hundred Years War, and the Black Death. Each, in its own way, broke down the feudal hierarchy system to the point where it was obsolete. People were granted the rights that they deserved and all were to be counted as equals. Thanks to all of these causes, England was able to rise out of the shambles of feudalism and become a nation full of equality.

Similar Essays

The Decline Of Congress In Uttar Pradesh

1026 words - 5 pages of population, if Uttar Pradesh was an independent nation, it would be world’s fifth most populated country. Congress was once a dominant force in the state during the early years after independence but now the party’s dominance has been reduced to only a few seats in both the Lok Sabha as well as in the legislative assembly. THE DOMINANT YEARS: FROM INDEPENDENCE TO 1967 The Congress was the single-most

The Decline Of Congress In Uttar Pradesh

1325 words - 6 pages Sabha elections were held, the state of Uttar Pradesh made Indira Gandhi pay for what she did in the Emergency years. The Congress failed to even win a single seat from Uttar Pradesh in the Lok Sabha. This was a clear indicator of how the voter opinion shaped-up after Indira Gandhi imposed the Emergency. In the state assembly elections, the Congress performed very poorly in terms of number of seats won. The Janata Party won a clear majority with

Agriculture In The Rural Areas Of Madhya Pradesh

1601 words - 7 pages minimum temperatures are likely to rise by more than 4.4°C all over MP . Projections of rainfall in Madhya Pradesh for the period 2021 to 2050 indicates that there is likely to be a decrease in winter rainfall as one moves from the eastern part of MP to its western part. The decline in winter precipitation will impact wheat crop. In the pre-monsoon period, there will be a projected increase in rainfall only in southern part of MP, with a decrease

The Powers Of Congress Essay

643 words - 3 pages The constitutional powers of Congress are enumerated in Article I. These include the power to appropriate money, authorize borrowing, levy taxes, regulate the currency, regulate interstate commerce, establish lower federal courts, maintain the armed forces, declare war, propose amendments to the Constitution, and (in what is called the "Necessary and Proper Clause" or the "Elastic Clause") "Make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for