In the 1960s, doctors in the United States predicted that infectious diseases were in decline. US surgeon Dr. William H. Stewart told the nation that it had already seen most of the frontiers in the field of contagious disease. Epidemiology seemed destined to become a scientific backwater (Karlen 1995, 3). Although people thought that this particular field was gradually dying, it wasn’t. A lot more of it was destined to come. By the late 1980s, it became clear that people’s initial belief of infectious diseases declining needed to be qualified, as a host of new diseases emerged to infect human beings (Smallman & Brown, 2011).With the current trends, the epidemics and pandemics we have faced have created a very chaotic and unreliable future for mankind. As of today, it has really been difficult to prevent global epidemics and pandemics. Although the cases may be different from one state to another, the challenges we all face are all interconnected in this globalized world.
There are multifarious reasons for their resurgence. The health of the people are related with different direct facets such as use of foods, practices, medical care and indirect ones such as monetary cost, communication, international law, security, international relations etc. It is also important to know that these synthesize with each other. Food and business can be taken as an example. Today, because some of the largest multinational companies are heavily involved in the creation and marketing of unhealthy foods, the challenge to control diseases causing epidemics or pandemics has been quite formidable (Chopra, Galbraith, & Darnton, 2002). With changes in diet, particuaarly with the rise of people having processed food diabetes rates have of people having diseases like diabetes is quite high. Most cases will be of Type 2 diabetes, which is strongly associated with a sedentary lifestyle and obesity (Zimmet, Alberti and Shaw 2001). In a business stand point, the massive marketing of those unhealthy foods will obviously result in benefits. However, this can end up being a challenge to prevent a global pandemic like obesity resulting in a whole lot of other diseases as well. The main problem is that the same food which feed people in countries is also posing as massive health dangers.
Like food productions and business with monetary minds causing illness, at some places, inadequate medical infrastructure has created a challenge to prevent epidemics and pandemics. For instance, in South Africa a form of TB known as XDR for extensively drug resistant, cannot be effectively treated with most first and second line tuberculosis drugs. Since it was first detected in KwaZulu-Natal Province, additional cases have been found in other eight provinces. TB experts said the disease had moved to Lesotho, Swaziland and Mozambique (Wines 2007).
In many occasions, money has been a massive challenge to prevent diseases. WE can take the example of many Nepalese women who are falsely...