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The Decline Of The West Essay

917 words - 4 pages

AUTHOR: Oswald Spengler, (1880-1936), was a German philosopher who acquired his conservative views from his father, a postal official in Germany. Spengler attended the Universities of Munich, Berlin and Halle in Germany, where he studied natural science and mathematics. In 1903, he wrote his dissertation on a Greek philosopher named Heraclitus, though he failed due to a lack of references. Spengler resubmitted his revised thesis in 1904, earning him his doctorate degree. Shortly after earning his degree, Spengler suffered a mental break down, secluding himself from the world. In 1906, he recovered and began working as a teacher in secondary schools until he received some money from ...view middle of the document...

Oswald Spengler’s fame came to an end when he wrote The Hour of Decision in 1933, criticizing the Nazi’s for their behavior towards the Jews. He then met with Adolf Hitler Although the Nazi’s once considered him a man of great intellect, they were highly offended by his writings and banned the book in Germany. Spengler lived in Munich for the rest of his life, and despite his temporary fame, remained a lonesome bachelor until he died.
SUMMARY: In volume two of The Decline of the West, which was published in 1922, Oswald Spengler wrote about the future of western civilization. He stated that the West was a single piece of history that would eventually come to an end, and would not continue to progress like many people assumed. Spengler stated that the existence of western civilization could be computed based on previous civilizations, lasting only a few centuries.
Spengler went on to state that skilled volunteers, who had served in previous wars, would eventually replace the armies that currently existed in the West. He said that the army would shrink from millions of men to just hundreds of thousands, and that these soldiers were driven for war. Spengler felt that the armies would stop at nothing to gain ultimate control, until only one culture was left standing. This civilization would go on to reshape the world just as its predecessors had done so.
The theme of this book is Ideas, Ideologies and Cultural Traditions. Oswald Spengler believed that people would be better off with an authoritarian ruler, similar to Julius Caesar. Spengler stated in his book that previous ‘isms of the nineteenth century, such as liberalism, humanitarianism and socialism were coming to an end. He stated that their demise would leave them no choice but to...

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