The Declines Of The Muslim Empires

915 words - 4 pages

The Muslim empires were made up of three main dynasties, the Ottoman, Safavid, and the Mughal. These empires each had a triumphant era when they ruled and also each had a significant history of how it improved the civilization in the Middle East. Eventually these empires faced a time where their power was going into the opposite direction and they later on went into decline on the throne.The Ottoman Empire was probably the strongest dynasty that took over the Muslim throne. This empire was very powerful and it made many strong improvements in the warfare in the Middle East. This empire was established by a sultan named Osman I, he at first established the Ottoman Empire in Anatolia and afterwards in the 1350's, Ottoman rulers spread and conquered the European territories. The Ottomans were a small Asian group and even though their quantity wasn't large at first, they managed to gain power and by the end of the 16th century, a large portion of the Balkan Peninsula was under their control. Once the Ottomans realized that they were successful at conquering Europe, they decided to establish themselves there by force and by the spring of 1453, their army attacked the heart of Europe, the city of Constantinople. The Ottoman Empire was really confident on their power because they were backed up with a large army that was loaded with weapons. This dynasty managed to make Constantinople to decline and to conquer the areas of Syria, Egypt, and a lot of the North African region. The major impact the Ottomans had as rulers was that they made the warfare in Europe to be very strong and stable. In the end, the Ottoman Empire fell because of a combination of internal collapse and external pressures. The government declined with the disintegration of the Sultanate. The economy weakened when new trade routes bypassed Ottoman territory and when the Ottomans failed to industrialize. The empire also crumbled when war and rebellion overwhelmed it during World War I. So even though the Ottoman Empire was extremely powerful they eventually fell with the contributions of many factors.The Safavid Dynasty was alike with the Ottoman Empire since it arose when it surpass conflicts with the Turkic groups. This dynasty was made up of Shi'a Muslims and this leaded to rise of the ruler Isma'il in the throne. The Safavids benefitted from the fall of the Mongols, and when Isma'il rose to power the dynasty conquered Persia and they expanded all the way to the border of the Ottoman Empire. The Safavids were also involved in a battle with the Ottomans, the Shi'a Muslims fought against the Sunni Muslims. The battle was won by the Ottoman whom...

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