On April 20, 2010, the event of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico caused 11 employees’ death, and around 35000 to 60000 barrels of oil were pouring into the ocean every day. Facts have been proven that any crisis must go along with the lack of risk management. Offshore oil drilling work is a high-risk occupation which requires strict obedience to the risk control management without any carelessness. In response to the disaster, identifying and assessing the potential risks and analyzing potential impacts are the priorities for the company to develop appropriate oil spill responses and perfect crisis management plans.
There is a variety of risks along with an oil spill disaster. The human right rules the company take responsibility to protect employees away from dangerous situations. Employees’ safety should be put in the first consideration of the risk assessment. Incident could cause significant injuries and even kill people. Ensuring safety facilities in good order will help staff avoid suffering from life-threatening. Potential risks also exist in technical drilling and welling operation. Without regular inspections and maintenances, facilities and equipment could be in dangerous state and break down, and subsequently result in company’s losses. In terms of the environment risks, oil spill could kill a huge number of species in polluted area and produces chemical contaminants which is also an indirect threaten to human health. The study of Robert shows that “if sustained for a period of 5 years, may result in an upper bound consumer lifetime cancer risk of 1 × 10–5”. The company would probably suffer from the loss of customer value and trust due to the improper crisis management and inappropriate emergency measures. Actually, BP has got itself involved in troubles because of managers’ negligence, which was widely condemned by international communities.
As leaders in the company, managers have...