The Definition Of Science Essay

1403 words - 6 pages

A field can be defined as a sphere of knowledge focused on a particular subject, activity or thought. Science is a field that utilizes the human imagination, the unbiased testing of hypotheses, and paradigms in order to understand the natural world.
Overall, the imagination is one of the bases for science, as scientists use it to create concepts for hypotheses and experiments to test in reality. In “The Reach of Imagination”, Jacob Bronowski defines the imagination as the specifically human cognitive ability to envision images, words, and symbols inside one’s mind at will (7). All fields are powered by the human imagination and its capability to come up with new concepts that can further knowledge; this not only includes science, but also all of the branches of the social sciences and the humanities as well. However, science is distinguished from other disciplines because imagined ideas must be tested out in real life in some sort of physical manner. As an illustration, Bronowski points out the example of the differences between the knowledge of science and the knowledge of literature: “In science, the imaginary experiment is tested by confronting it with physical experience; and in literature, the imaginative conception is tested by confronting it with human experience” (6). Literature, a branch of the humanities, deals with the imagination by putting one’s personal thoughts into writing and in turn, those who read the composition are able to enter the world the author has created in his or her mind via a personal, emotional experience. This is the opposite of science, as human emotions or other intangible notions are not involved with carrying out imagined ideas for experimentations. Instead, this particular sphere of knowledge relies on individuals implementing research in hands-on ways utilizing equipment inside laboratories, or in natural settings when carrying out outdoor field experiments. As an example, the following instruments can be found inside a science laboratory: “There was a distilling apparatus in full operation. There [were] tubes, cylinders, crucibles, and other apparatus… An electrical machine stood ready for immediate use (Hawthorne 55). Additionally, science is unlike other fields of knowledge because it has a different object of study. While non-scientific fields focus on anthropological subjects, such as the analysis of past events of humankind in history or the creation of objects visually pleasing to the human senses in the arts, science’s object of study focuses on the natural world. One of the main goals in this particular field is to test hypotheses created from the imagination in order to learn about the natural world’s past and to prepare for the future. Because scientists strive to understand how it functions, this leads experiments to concentrate on various physical and/or organic subjects found in nature; some examples include studying the brain in neuroscience, studying in molecular compounds in chemistry,...

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