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The Demand Of Pakistan And Two Nation Theory

1638 words - 7 pages

Demand of Pakistan and Two nation theory

1.Introduction
Pakistan was created on 14th of august 1947 it was 27th of Ramadan and Quaid-e-Azam (The Founder Of Pakistan) said that Pakistan came on the day when the first non Muslim was converted into a Muslim. The struggle for an independent state for the Muslim stood for years and they had to face many difficulties through the years. There were many important events which had a significance on the creation of Pakistan.
Two nation theory
Sir Syed Ahmed khan was the first Muslim leader who used the term nation for the Muslim of the sub-continent because of their separate religious entity, distinct civilization, philosophy, culture, moral values and concept of economy which oppose each other. Many Muslim leaders supported the two nation theory includes Abdul Halima , Mauling Muhammad Ali Jahuar , Chaudire Reheat Ali , Allama Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam.
Quaid-e-Azam stressed upon that:
“ Muslim should not be treated as minority but rather as a nation.”
The Hindus and Muslim had many differences between them. They inspite of living together for centuries could not forget their individual cultures and civilizations.
Al-Beruni recorded his idea in 1001 A.D in his famous book Kitab-ul-Hind as:
“ The Hindu society maintain this peculiar character over the centuries. The two societies, Hindus and Muslim like two streams have sometimes touched but never merged, each following its separate course.”
The relations between Muslim and Hindus were growing worst, It was clear from the fact that the Muslim and the Hindus could not live together.
Quaid-e-Azam said that:
“ It would be a dream to think that Hindus and Muslim will form a common nation. I want to make it clear that both nations belong to two different civilizations and the foundation of these two civilizations is on such philosophies which are opposed to each other.”
The two nation theory was the basis of the struggle for the creation of Pakistan .
2. THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857
The situation of the Muslim were not in going in the right direction.in the Muslim were quite backward as far as the education is concerned and as a result they started to decline in every field of life. and after the war of independence it got even worse the war of independence was the last attempt to dislodge the British by force of arms this attempt failed bit in the process all the parties committed and suffered great atrocities since these events affected the fortunes of all the three communities involved in it must be considered as a key point in history whether it should be considered a sepoy mutiny as the British called it before 1947 or the first war of independence as most south Asians do after it .Bahadur shah zafar II who probably was not strong as the previous MUSLIM rulers took part in the mutiny 1857 and after its failures he was imprisoned
Effects on Muslim
The Muslim had lost their control and could not accept it mentally after such long period of ruling in...

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