The Democratic Republic Of Congo Essay

2744 words - 11 pages

The Democratic Republic of Congo

Formerly known as Zaire, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DROC) is located in the center of Africa bordered by nine different countries and one territory. (Lerner, 10) The bordering countries are Central African Republic and Sudan at the northern boarder, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Burundi on the eastern boarder, Zambia and Angola directly South of DROC and Congo on the Western boarder.
DROC is about one third the size of the United States; consisting of 905,365 square miles of territory it is also the third largest country within the African continent, smaller only to Sudan and Algeria. (Background Notes, 1)
Much like the United States DROC has one major capital and small city capitals. The major capital of the country is Kinshasa, holding a population of 6.55 million alone. The city capitals throughout the country are, Bandundu, Bukavu, Goma, Kananga, Kindu, Kisangani, Lubumbashi, Matadi, Mbandaka, and Mbuji-Mayi. (Background Notes, 1)
The climates within the DROC are very different due to the country being half to the north of the equator and half to the south. The northern portion of the country tends to be cold and dry, whereas the equatorial areas and southern half are hot and humid.
DROC has great wealth of natural resource. Large copper deposits exist in the Shaba region, which also has reserves of cobalt, cadmium, uranium, tin, silver, and gold. (Lerner, 18) In-fact their main export commodities include cobalt, copper, crude oil, cut diamonds, gold, petroleum prodicts, synthetic lubricants, tea and coffee. (Mbendi Profile, 9)
There are four major geographical regions in the country of DROC; these are the Congo River Basin, the Northern Uplands, the Eastern Highlands, and the Southern Uplands.
The Congo River Basin covers about one third of the country reaching a vast 400,000 square miles across the country and is almost evenly divide by the equator. The Congo River Basin is also known as the Cuvette, which is French for "Basin." Rainfall is very plentiful in the Cuvette and it is dominated by dense rainforests. Though rain is plentiful the soil in this region is unfertile therefore resulting in a low population and very few farms.
The Northern Uplands is located along the northern boarder of the country. With an elevation of about 2,500 miles above sea level it is covered mainly savannas and grassland with scattered trees.
The Southern Uplands is somewhat similar to that of the Northern Uplands in the likeness that it also contains savannas and grassy woodlands. Beginning on the southern end of the central basin, this region has an average elevation of about 2,730 feet above sea level, having fertile soils and retaining may of the countries mineral deposits it allows for the locals to grow grains and raise cattle.
The final geographical region is the Eastern Highlands, this great portion extends approximately 958 miles South from lake Mobutu Sese Seko, clear...

Find Another Essay On The Democratic Republic of Congo

To What Extent has the International Monetary Fund Impacted the Democratic Republic of Congo under Mobutu Sese Seko?

1356 words - 5 pages Part A: Plan of Investigation To What Extent has the International Monetary Fund Impacted the Democratic Republic of Congo under Mobutu Sese Seko? The International Monetary Fund (created in 1945) was conceived by the meeting of representatives of 45 countries in Bretton woods, New Hampshire, United States to support countries facing debt crisis. The aim of this internal assessment is to examine the effect the IMF has had on the Democratic

The Country of Congo Essay

639 words - 3 pages The Republic of Congo is a very interesting country made up of many kinds of people. It became an independent country on August 15th 1960. Congo's estimated population is 2,800,000, with about 8 people per square mile. Most of the population lives by the capital, Brazzaville. About forty-five percent of Congo belongs to the Kongo Group. The Kongo Group is a group of farmers who live southwest of Brazzaville. About two percent of Congo is Muslims

The Origin of the Congo

1215 words - 5 pages for cancer, rebels dependent on support from Rwandan and Ugandan forces captured much of E Congo. Rebel leader Laurent Kabila was sworn in as president on May 29 and changed the name of the country to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mobutu died in Morocco on Sept. 7, 1997. Kabila banned all political opposition. He was failed to bring back the economy and to prevent the attacks on Congolese. This led to a weakening of internal and

The Atrocities of the Congo

2648 words - 11 pages When the word ‘genocide’ is mentioned, the Holocaust is almost always the first one to come to mind. It was one of the most horrible and inhumane events of mankind, but it wasn’t the deadliest or even most brutal genocide. While approximately six million Jews were murdered, an even more death-dealing incident took place forty-years earlier in what is now called the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In a span of twenty-five gruesome years, over

Indigenous People of the Congo

2688 words - 11 pages sort of pantheism which comes from their view of life being based on the context of the forest. Unlike other groups found in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Mbuti do not participate in many animistic practices. These practices are associated with the village instead and are sometimes practiced there when the Mbuti are visiting or making an exchange. Since there is little hardship for the Mbuti; there exists little fear

The history of the Belgian Congo

1291 words - 5 pages The history of the Belgian Congo is one of terrible sadness and seldom-noted human devastation. From 1885 to 1908 the Congo was ruled by one man as his sole, personal colony; a ruler ironically noted at the time for his philanthropy, King Leopold II of Belgium. Seeking his own colony, he founded the Congo Free State, a massive territory in the African interior that was larger than seventy-six times the size of his own country (Hochschild

The True Nature of King Leopold's Congo

3894 words - 16 pages ). Leopold was able to gain so much because he successfully maintained the notion that this colony would be a free trade zone for Europeans; they still did not realize that he alone had a trade monopoly of the region (Hochschild, 86). The conference ended in February, 1885 and in May of that year, “the king named his new, privately controlled country the État indépendant du Congo, the Congo Free State” (Hochschild, 87). In 1890, an African

The Republic of Cameroon

2221 words - 9 pages The name of my country is the Republic of Cameroon. Cameroon, which is located in Central Africa, shares its border with the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Nigeria. Cameroon has an area of 183,568 square miles. Tennessee is 42,180 square miles which means Cameroon is roughly 4.35x the size of Tennessee or a little bigger than California which is 163,695 square miles. Cameroon has a

The Republic Of Djibouti

1303 words - 6 pages The Republic of Djibouti With the beginning of ancient times, the area known now as Djibouti, has been placed in a grand category of countries residing in East Africa. Djibouti, officially known as The Republic of Djibouti is a country that has much substance and significant history in Africa. It is located in Northeastern Africa, in-between Eritrea and Somalia, and borders the Gulf of Aden as well as the Red Sea. The country is very small

The Republic of Ireland

868 words - 4 pages The Republic of Ireland became an independent nation through a series of political events that occurred between 1800-1949. These events correlate to each other, and are critical for Ireland becoming what it is today. Ireland, otherwise known as Éire in Gaelic Irish, became a republic in 1949. It had represented a long battle for independence from Britain, dating back to the middle of the 12th century. After the success of the Anglo-Norman

The Republic of Djibouti

993 words - 4 pages Djibouti The republic of Djibouti is a country located in Eastern Africa on the Gulf of Aden. Smaller in size than Switzerland or Croatia, and smaller than the state of Massachusetts, Djibouti sits in a hot, arid region of the Horn of Africa atop a vast stony desert with dispersed highlands. Of the 757,000 people that inhabit this country, the vast majority is Somalis and the minority is Afars and about 15,000 are of European descent. (cia.gov

Similar Essays

The Democratic Republic Of The Congo

1622 words - 6 pages , which is the capital of modern democratic republic of the Congo, was conquered. In 1892 and 1894, east Congo was forcibly taken from the control of east African Arab and Swahili traders. King Leopold did not have sufficient funds to develop the Congo. He received loans from the Belgium parliament in 1889 and 1895. At that same time, Leopold declared all unoccupied lands belonged to the state giving himself many of the natural resources including

The Rape In The Democratic Republic Of Congo

687 words - 3 pages Since 1996, nearly four million people have died in the Democratic Republic of Congo. These tragedies evolve from several rebel armies that have a very important aspect in common: they target innocent people and they all use rape as a weapon of war. Although the civil war in Congo has only been going ongoing for five years, only recently has attention been drawn to the astounding number of rapes committed during the conflict. It is not known yet

Democratic Republic Of Congo: Development Policy Issues

1593 words - 6 pages The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) may be one of the richest countries in resources, but the country itself is incredibly poor. On 8 October 2013, the BBC News released an article saying exactly that. Written by Dan Snow, this article accounts for Snow’s experiences on his journey through the DRC while also attempting to provide an analysis that explains how the current situation in Congo is linked to its history. In this

Preventing The Export Of Conflict Diamonds In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo

4865 words - 19 pages Preventing the export of conflict diamonds in the Democratic Republic of the Congo The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has large reserves of cobalt, gold, gems, copper, timber, and uranium. However, the most valuable resource that the DRC possess is its large reserve of diamonds. Diamonds essentially serve as a pillar to the DRC’s struggling economy. Plagued by civil unrest, the DRC is desperately trying to stabilize its economy