The Deprivation Theory Essay

1175 words - 5 pages

Breaking down America’s Mental Fortitude One Person at a Time
The United States of America has proven to be a juggernaut in the world economy. It triumphs over any other country almost doubling the GDP of the runner up (i.e., China’s economy). It is also is one of the youngest among developed countries, due to a lineage of fortunate events it has become a powerhouse. Many people from an outside the U.S. may still believe that anyone can come and earn enough money to thrive. Unfortunately, that is not the reality for everyone, although there is potential here; it is also one of the most unequal countries. In my paper I seek to understand and unveil what socioeconomic affect does income disparity play in our society.
For most people living in the United States financial security is a goal. I believe that most people would like to have the peace of mind of being able to raise a family without the fear of losing a home or a meal. Sadly, that is not the case for all Americans; some people are born with upper class parents, some in the middle, and some in the lower class. There is no way a new born child can choose their parents and due to different social classes they are likely to end up living different lives. The new born in the upper class is likely to receive better clothes, food, and maybe a private education throughout their life. The new born middle class may receive less than the upper class but still have enough to not worry about basic necessities. However what about the child that is born in the lower class is his path to achieving financially stability as smoothly paved as everyone else is? Or is his path an uneven dirt road that when it rains it becomes so muddy that even the strongest can’t walk on it.
I believe there are huge obstacles many people in low income families face that it make it more difficult to come out of poverty. According to Milanović, B. (2011, P. 120) “It is easy to see that in such a world, most of one’s lifetime income will be determined at birth”. Most of the billionaires in today’s world were born into middle to upper-class families. This gave them an easier path to achieve success. But what makes it so difficult for people who are born in the lower class to rise out? Well typically people who are born into lower class families live in areas where the value of homes are low, crime rates are high, unemployment is high and public schools are poorly funded. Living in such an area can have serious implications on a family’s life.
It is believed that there is correlation between poverty and crime. It is unjust to label all poverty stricken individuals as potential criminals, but I feel that because of low social status people find crime as an escape goat. The deprivation theory states, that motivation for crime is an outgrowth of poverty, a condition in which economic resources (e.g., income) are so deficient that they do not provide basic (e.g., food, clothing, and shelter) (Cullen, F. T., & Wilcox, 2013,...

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