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The Development Of Inca Daily Life

1427 words - 6 pages

The Incas were one of the biggest grown civilizations in America. Within 100 years they had built a dominant empire, which stretched the entire length of the Andes Mountains.The Incas were a group who settled in the Cuzco Valley between 1000 and 1400 C.E. Being a peasant in this group came with many jobs, tasks, and hard work. The development of Inca daily life functioned well because of the peasants hard work, the class system, and family life style.
Inca jobs and occupations were needed to be able to survive from day to day. Peasants were the people who did all the work and jobs. By doing this, they were able to provide for their village, and others above them on the hierarchy. In the Middle Ages, there were many types of jobs and professions to be had. There were many jobs to be done, but the biggest job is farming. Farmers job consisted of farming the fields, growing food for the village, and maintaining the animals. Farmers grew many types of foods and crops. Some of the food they grew were corn, beans, quinoa, potatoes, maize, and many vegetables. This is what the Incas diet consisted of.
Although farming was the most important job to do, there were many others that were also important. Art and architecture were 2 of these jobs. In the Middle Ages, there were not many artists because they had to be so talented and skilled, that it was a gift to be one. Some examples of what artists created were weaving of vicuna wool, and cutting of stones. Weaving of vicuna wool was the highest quality of art, but not many people were able to do it because there were not many vicunas. The cutting of stones was also widely practiced by artists but depended on the trade for stones. Another job for peasants in the Middle Ages was architectures. The job of an architecture was to engineer and construct buildings and structures. When architectures built a monument, they used nothing but rock and stone, or sun baked brick. They packed them, and squished them together so tightly, that some of the structures the Incas built are still standing today. For example, Machu Picchu is ten thousand feet tall, and was built by the Incas. Peasants jobs and positions made the Inca Empire much more sustainable.
The Inca class or hierarchy system was not ignored or put to the side. Incas put the system in place and it maintained its spot. The four classes or divisions in the hierarchy were the Sapa Inca, the Royals, the Nobles, and finally the Ayllu. The Sapa Inca was the head or supreme of all others. Below him were the royals. The Royals were the son, daughter or wife of the Sapa Inca. Next in the system were the Nobles. The Nobles were the blood related relatives of the Royals. This would have consisted of the mother and father of the wife, or aunt and uncle of the son. Fourth or finally in the hierarchy were the people in an Ayllu. An Ayllu was a group of families living together in an area and they were restricted to leave. They shared land, food, animals, and...

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