The Development And Provison Of Prison Library For Juvenile

1805 words - 7 pages

CHAPTER 1
Introduction

Prisons are institutions that place physical confined for individuals who has been charged with or likely to be charged with a criminal offense may be held on remand in prison if they denied, refused or unable to meet conditions of bail, or is unable to post bail. If found guilty, a defendant will be convicted and may receive a custodial sentence requiring imprisonment. But the most severe punishment of individuals is death penalty. Inmates who have served in prison for long periods of time will be expected to be able to change their attitude to be the better person. While society expects them to be the better person, they also will have difficulties reinstating back into society and understanding the technological changes that have occurred. In achieving the transformation of inmates, there is a need for training and education of inmates. Though the prison library will be the important facilities to play the role for inmates training and education.

BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Increasing number of teenagers involved in crime in Malaysia in recent years is worrying. According to Section 2, the Prisons Act 1995 (Act 537), young prisoners means that a prisoner under the age of twenty-one years.
According to Section 2, the Prisons Act 1995 (Act 537), young prisoners means that a prisoner under the age of twenty-one years. In Malaysia, the increasing number of teenagers involved in crime in recent years is worrying. In 2006, criminal cases involving youth and students around the country increased by 295 cases, compared to 2005. In 2009, 3,263 students were arrested for being involved in crime compared to 2,911 in 2008 (The Star, 2010). Most of cases involved students / youth in the 13 to 18 age group. Criminal cases committed by youth crime including motorcycle theft, rape, murder, robbery and house break-ins. Motorcycle thefts topped the list with 975 cases (The Star, 2010).
In 2006, criminal cases involving youth and students around the country increased by 295 cases, compared to 2005. Criminal cases committed by youth crime including violent, property, especially in the case of motorcycle theft. (Utusan Malaysia, 2007)

From 8,113 teens aged between 16 and 18 years who were arrested during the year 2006, 3,545 from them are school / college students. There are also cases involving students aged 7 to 10 years.

In 2008, a total of 3,643 violent crimes were reported and 5,166 property crimes have been committed by youth between the ages of 7 to 18 years.

During the first two months of the year 2009, a total of 295 students aged between 13 to 18 years involved various criminal cases including murder. Among the criminal cases committed by students such as stealing motorcycles, burglary cases, injuring others and rape. (Nurul Adlina Kamaluddin, 2009).

Increased of crime incidence among teenagers has caused many young people have wasted their time in prison. Based on...

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