The Development Of Ancient Greece Through Philosophic Evolution

773 words - 4 pages

The Ancient Greeks founded for western culture a basis of understanding and appreciation of wisdom that still carries substantial influence in modern times. During this time, the need for understanding became predominate as humankind readied themselves to begin looking beyond religion and mysticism for answers upon the fundamental principles in life. Although, the pre-Socratics focused more toward a material aspect on the physical nature of things, Socrates and his disciples established an influential analysis into philosophy as the modern world knows it today, which spurred into stoicism, epicureanism, skepticism, and Neoplatonism during the time. This analytic foundation provides the ...view middle of the document...

As a result, Socrates was sincerely a good person who loved wisdom and the understanding that leads to it. He also appeared to believe that everyone carried an innate sense of goodness, which maintained credibility since the soul is pure. This decree was undoubtedly scrutinized from every possible angle at some point by Socrates as it was in his character to do such. Furthermore, he asserts that if one is to claim themselves knowledgeable on a subject they must have asked and answered all questions pertaining to the subject. Otherwise, they have a mere acquaintance to the subject but ultimately lack absolute knowledge and thusly cannot claim they are knowledgeable. This purity and brilliance resulted in a charisma that attracted many pupils, resulting in a disseverance between Socrates and Athenian politicians. Unfortunately, the disseverance resulted in Socrates’ sentencing to death by hemlock, however in hindsight it sparked a martyrdom that transformed him into philosophy’s iconic guru.
Among Socrates disciples, the most notable and influential was Plato of Athens. Plato is responsible for the unification of all the scattered philosophic beliefs up to this point in Grecian history into comprehensive curricula for scholarly study. With this collaboration of curricula Plato established a school known as the Academy, which carried the legacy of Plato’s analysis in dialectics, ethics, and physics. Furthermore, Plato is responsible for writing many dialogues that commonly held Socrates as the main character. Probably, the most notable of his works,...

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