For my essay I will be evaluating the sub-saharan African country of Liberia. Over the course of this essay i shall try and shed some light on the main threats to peace and stability in the country. Threats that, if not treated responsibly and correctly, could throw Liberia, the Liberian people and potentially a large proportion of West Africa back into the violence and political instability that has plagued the region over the last few decades.
We are now a decade on from the August 2003 Accra Peace agreement which drew a line under 14 years of civil war and the oppressive dictatorship of Charles Taylor. The peace agreement bought a renewed chance of peace and stability after the atrocities that had been committed across the country. A post-war transitional government was established consisting of 76 members: 12 each from the three warring parties; Government of the Republic of Liberia, the Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD) and the Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL). Other members from the remaining 18 political parties; seven from civil society and special interest groups; and one from each of Liberia's 15 counties.
The establishment of the National Transitional Government led to the holding of, what were generally regarded as, a free and fair elections in two years later in 2005; culminating in the announcement that Mrs. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf was to become the first female president in Africa, a milestone for the continent as a whole as well as Liberia itself.
‘‘The successful election of the first female president in Africa and on-going efforts to restore civil authority at all levels are symbolic of the country’s effort to turn away from a past of brutal war towards a prosperous and peaceful future that enshrines basic rights for all Liberians’’ - United Nations, Development Assistance framework for Liberia, 2007, p.
However, as detailed by Alan Doss, there is still a long way to go.
“Although the political situation...