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The Development Of Silk Road And International Trade Market

1418 words - 6 pages

There exists a time when major civilizations were once divided in nature and were unaware of each other’s existence. The major civilizations developed at an independent rate, and most of the technologies and ideas were innovated without the influence of other civilizations. The Chinese were famed for their production of silk, a valuable textile coveted for its splendid texture and color. The Roman Empire was known for its wealth and domesticated animals. India was famous for its spices [1]. However, this situation then took a drastic change when the Silk Road was established by the Han Dynasty. The main purpose of this establishment was to maintain political contact with the kingdoms ...view middle of the document...

The merchants along the Silk Road also exchanged technologies and cultures between them. One example of the exchange of technology is the technique behind the production of silk. The Roman Empire eventually learned the techniques to cultivate silk through the trade of technologies between the merchants. A history account recorded: “two Assyrian Christian monks who visited China learned the secret of silk production.” [3]. Other than technology, religions and cultures were traded like commodities between the merchants. Buddhism was known to be spread from India to China by Buddhist missionaries. A historian observed: “During the 2nd century CE, Buddhism began to spread vigorously into China….” [4] The spread of religion also became a driving force behind the increase in activity on the Silk Road. During that time, the merchants were provided accommodation when they traveled from one city to another by the Buddhists in exchange for their support of Buddhist Monasteries. This resulted in the spread of Buddhism to foreign encounters as the merchants traveled [5]. The exchange in cultures was also resulted from the interactions between the merchants, which then later led to interracial marriage and amalgamation of different cultures.
The rise of globalization that resulted from the trade in the Silk Road also impacted the development of the great civilizations known to the world in history. The Pax Romana, a period that is best described as relative peacefulness and prosperity experienced by the Roman Empire, incidentally coincides with the success of the Silk Road (27 B.C to 180 A.D). Part of the success of the Roman Empire can be credited to the establishment of the Silk Road. The Roman Empire was able to generate wealth through trade of its domesticated animals such as horses to China. Besides that, the demand for the Chinese Civilization’s silk ensured that peace was maintained between the two major civilizations. The Han histories record that: “The ruler of the Roman Empire, Antun, sent envoys from beyond the frontiers ... to offer elephant tusks, rhinoceros horn. This was the first time there was communication..” [4]. The Roman Empire even attempted to establish an alliance between the two major civilizations. Florus, a Roman historian observed: “... the Scythians and the Sarmatians sent ambassadors seeking friendship..” [4]. Although the alliance between the two major powers did not materialize, the acknowledgement of such possible alliance meant that the Roman Empire and Chinese Civilization maintained a mutual respect which contributed to the Pax Romana at that time. The mutual respect combined with the trade established between the two forces meant that the Roman Empire was able to control its territories without significant resistances and also continue to prosper in wealth as a major civilization. Besides that, the Han Dynasty that were in power of the Chinese Civilization managed to oversee a reign that was filled with several new...

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