The Development Of Slavery In Georgia From The Colonial Period Through The 1850s

791 words - 4 pages

The colony of Georgia was established in 1730; the idea of creating a new colony between South Carolina and Florida was developed by James Oglethorpe. The colony of Georgia would serve two purposes. One, being a military buffer between South Carolina and Florida. The second being a way to help those who were in debt and poor in London. When the colony of Georgia was established, the Trustee’s wanted to initially place a ban on slavery. Oglethorpe and the Trustee’s had banned slavery for various reasons. When Savannah was first constructed, it was built with the help of African slaves. When Oglethorpe had returned from a trip back to Savannah, he was upset to see that the slaves were doing ...view middle of the document...

Georgia’s Trustee’s labeled those who wanted to lift the ban on slavery “() malcontents, who were adventurers and merchants who wanted to become rich through the slave trade” (Brief History of Georgia 27). Georgia became more dependent on the finances that the House of Commons had provided them and financial stress was beginning to make the use of slavery more attractive in Georgia. Then in 1742, the Spanish were defeated in the Battle of Bloody Marsh and Oglethorpe returned to England. With the Spanish no longer being seen as threat, Georgia was able to lift the ban on slavery. South Carolinian rice planters flooded into Georgia and by the late 1760s, Georgia’s slave code was near identical to South Carolina’s (NGE Slavery in Colonial Georgia).
Georgia quickly began importing slaves directly from Africa. Slavery soon became embedded into both Georgia’s economy and culture. Although slavery was expanding in Georgia, “most people coming into Georgia during the 1750s owned no slaves,” (A Brief History of Georgia 33). Georgia’s people and economy became dependent on slavery and by the late the 1700’s, “nearly every white person believed that the institution of slavery was essential to his or her economic prosperity”. There was no Georgian who resisted slavery at this time and during the American Revolution, slaves had accounted for nearly half...

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